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North Dakota

North Dakota Geography

The Great Plains of North America slice across North Dakota, covering about 50% of the state.

In the far-southwest, the Badlands, a long series of unusually-shaped and brightly-colored buttes, domes and rolling hills dominate the landscape. White Butte, the State's highest point, is found there.

In the east along it's border with Minnesota, the Red River Valley stretches north to south. This flat and very fertile strip of land is North Dakota's most productive farmland. The slightly-elevated prairie lands directly west of the Red River Valley are crisscrossed by numerous small lakes, rivers and streams.

North Dakota's most important river is the Missouri; it rises in southern Montana in the Rocky Mountains, first flowing north then generally southeast across the heart of the United States, ending at the Mississippi River, just to the north of St. Louis, Missouri. It is the longest river in the United States (2,500 miles) (4,023 km).

Other rivers of note include the James, Red and Sheyenne. The most significant lake is Sakakawea, one of five major lakes created on the Missouri River by the U.S. government in an effort to eliminate the annual flooding of river lowlands.

For a detailed look at the topography of North Dakota, view this topographic map.

North Dakota Photographs

Missouri River Winds Through the Plains of North Dakota

Missouri River winds through the North Dakota plains...
by Phil Schermeister
Buy This at Allposters.com

North Dakota Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Hettinger Adams 701
Valley City Barnes 701
Fort Totten Benson 701
Medora Billings 701
Bottineau Bottineau 701
Bowman Bowman 701
Powers Lake Burke 701
Bismarck Burleigh 701
Fargo Cass 701
Langdon Cavalier 701
Oakes Dickey 701
Crosby Divide 701
Killdeer Dunn 701
New Rockford Eddy 701
Linton Emmons 701
Carrington Foster 701
Beach Golden Valley 701
Grand Forks Grand Forks 701
Elgin Grant 701
Cooperstown Griggs 701
New England Hettinger 701
Steele Kidder 701
Lamoure Lamoure 701
Napoleon Logan 701
Velva McHenry 701
Wishek McIntosh 701
Watford City McKenzie 701
Garrison McLean 701
Beulah Mercer 701
Mandan Morton 701
New Town Mountrail 701
Lakota Nelson 701
Center Oliver 701
Cavalier Pembina 701
Rugby Pierce 701
Devils Lake Ramsey 701
Lisbon Ransom 701
Mohall Renville 701
Wahpeton Richland 701
Belcourt Rolette 701
Milnor Sargent 701
McClusky Sheridan 701
Fort Yates Sioux 701
Marmarth Slope 701
Dickinson Stark 701
Finley Steele 701
Jamestown Stutsman 701
Cando Towner 701
Mayville Traill 701
Grafton Walsh 701
Minot Ward 701
Harvey Wells 701
Williston Williams 701
This page was last modified on September 29, 2015.