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Minnesota

Minnesota History Timeline

1600s
  • (1659 - 1660) French fur traders, Groseilliers and Radisson, explored western end of Lake Superior, surrounding area
  • (1673) French explorers, Marquette and Joliet, discovered upper portion of Mississippi River
  • (1679) Frenchman, Daniel Greysolon Sieur du Lhut, met with Dakota Indians near Mille Lacs Lake
  • (1683) Catholic Missionary Father Louis Hennepin, after being held captive by Dakota Indians, returned to France; wrote Description de la Louisiane, first book about Minnesota
1700s
  • (1763) Spain received Louisiana Territory from France, included Minnesota west of the Mississippi River
  • (1783) Republic of the United States of America gained eastern portion of Minnesota from Great Britain in American Revolution
  • (1787) Eastern Minnesota designated part of American Northwest Territories of United States; first mapping of Minnesota completed by David Thompson of North West Company
1800s
  • (1803) U. S. purchased Louisiana Territory from France, included western portion of Minnesota
  • (1805) Lieutenant Zebulon Montgomery Pike led first U. S. expedition through Minnesota
  • (1815) Peace treaty negotiated between Dakota Indians and U. S. government; first American fur traders entered Minnesota
  • (1818) Northern boundary of Minnesota established at the forty-ninth parallel
  • (1832) Henry Schoolcraft and Ojibwe guide, Ozawindib, found source of Mississippi River at Lake Itasca
  • (1836) Wisconsin Territory established, included Minnesota
  • (1849) Minnesota Territory formed with present day eastern and southern boundaries set
  • (1850) Treaties executed with Dakota Indians for lands east of Red River, Lake Traverse, and the Big Dakota River and south between Dakota and Chippewa; wheat became major crop
  • (1858) Minnesota became 32nd state
  • (1862) Dakota Indians attacked settlers for failure of land treaties and fiscal mistreatment by traders, 486 settlers killed; 38 Indians hung at Mankato; first railroad between Minneapolis and Saint Paul completed
  • (1873) Three-day blizzard struck, 70 killed
  • (1878) Explosion at flour mill killed 18
  • (1880) Telephone communication established between Saint Paul and Minneapolis
  • (1881) Saint Paul destroyed by fire
  • (1883) Mayo Clinic founded in Rochester; tornado swept through Rochester, 35 killed
  • (1884) Exportation of iron ore began
  • (1886) Sauk Rapids flattened by a tornado, 79 killed
  • (1887) First ski tournament Midwest held in Saint Paul
  • (1888) Western Minnesota struck by major blizzard, 109 died
  • (1893) Virginia, Minnesota destroyed by fire
  • (1894) Massive forest fire encompassed Hinckley and several other communities, over 400 perished
1900s
  • (1900) Virginia again destroyed by fire
  • (1908) Chisholm destroyed by forest fire
  • (1918) Influenza killed 7,521; Cloquet and Moose Lake are destroyed forest fires
  • (1919) 19th amendment ratified; tornado struck Fergus Falls killing 59
  • (1927) Minnesota native, Charles Lindbergh, flew solo across Atlantic Ocean from New York to Paris
  • (1931) Ancient remains of 20,000 year old skeleton nicknamed "Minnesota Man" found in Otter Tail County
  • (1933) "Browns Valley Man" remains, estimated to be 8,000 - 10,000 years old, discovered in Brown County
  • (1934) Businessman Edward G. Bremer of St. Paul kidnapped by the Barker-Karpis gang, ransom of $200,000 one of the largest ransoms in U.S; John Dillinger escaped following gun battle with FBI agents in St. Paul
  • (1936) Temperatures remained below zero for a record thirty-six days
  • (1939) Roof of Duluth Amphitheater collapsed under weight of snow during hockey game
  • (1940) Blizzard struck Minnesota, over 16 inches of snow fell in 24 hours, 49 residents died, over $1,500,000 property was damaged
  • (1954) Coya Knutson became first Minnesota woman elected to U. S. Congress
  • (1959) Duluth gained access to Atlantic Ocean with opening of St. Lawrence Seaway
  • (1963) Last ore shipment left Vermillion iron range
  • (1964) Minnesota Senator Hubert Humphrey elected vice-president of U S.
  • (1969) Saint Paul native, Warren Burger, named to U.S. Supreme Court
  • (1976) Minnesota Senator Walter Mondale elected as U.S. vice-president
  • (1980) Last ore shipment left Cuyuna iron range
  • (1982) 34 inches of snow fell on Twin Cities in two days
  • (1984) Last ore shipment left the Mesabi iron range ending Minnesota's iron ore industry
  • (1987) Minnesota Twins won World Series
  • (1988) Indian Gaming Regulatory Act caused boom in Indian casinos and gambling; major drought occurred
  • (1991) Minnesota Twins won World Series; snowstorm hit depositing 24 inches of snow in 24 hours
  • (1991) Mall of America opened, largest mall in U. S.
  • (1996) Coldest official temperature recorded (-60 degrees Fahrenheit) near Tower
  • (1998) Minnesota became home to largest Hmong population in U. S.; tobacco industry agreed to $4 billion settlement for cost of medical treatment; Jesse Ventura elected first "third party" governor since 1936
2000s
  • (2003) 18-year old accused of releasing vaiant of MSBlast worm, caused crashing of hundreds of thousands of computers worldwide
  • (2004) Minnesota produced 75% of country's usable iron ore
  • (2005) Teenager killed nine, injured 12 in school shooting on reservation; partial government shutdown over budget dispute affected 9,000 workers
  • (2007) Part of I-35W bridge in Minneapolis collapsed into Mississippi River, killed seven; snow storms caused deaths of eight, over 300 auto accidents; statewide smoking ban for bars and restaurants enacted
  • (2008) Republican National Convention held in St. Paul; contested U.S. Senate Race between Al Franken, Norm Coleman settled by Minnesota Supreme Court in favor of Franken; Northwest Airlines merged with Delta Airlines
  • (2010) Nurse charged with aiding suicides over internet; Tom Petters convicted of biggest fraud ($3.65 billion) in Minnesota history, sentenced to 50 years in prison
  • (2011) 26-year old Omer Abdi Mohamed of Minneapolis, admitted helping with Somalia terror plot
  • (2011) Representative Michele Bachmann announced run for U.S. presidency
  • (2012) Congresswoman Bachmann ended presidential campaign after sixth place finish in Iowa caucuses

Minnesota Photographs

Jacques MarquetteIndians and RadissonIndian War of 1862Settlers attacked by Dakota warriorsFergus Falls tornadoMississippi riverSauk Rapids TornadoMinnesota MinersMinnesota TwinsHmong peopleMall of AmericaI-35 CollapseAl Franken

Minnesota Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Aitkin Aitkin 218
Minneapolis Anoka 763
Detroit Lakes Becker 218
Bemidji Beltrami 218
Sauk Rapids Benton 320
Ortonville Big Stone 320
Mankato Blue Earth 507
New Ulm Brown 507
Cloquet Carlton 218
Chaska Carver 952
Cass Lake Cass 218
Montevideo Chippewa 320
North Branch Chisago 651
Moorhead Clay 218
Bagley Clearwater 218
Grand Marais Cook 218
Windom Cottonwood 507
Brainerd Crow Wing 218
Saint Paul Dakota 651
Kasson Dodge 507
Alexandria Douglas 320
Blue Earth Faribault 507
Chatfield Fillmore 507
Albert Lea Freeborn 507
Red Wing Goodhue 651
Elbow Lake Grant 218
Minneapolis Hennepin 612
La Crescent Houston 507
Park Rapids Hubbard 218
Cambridge Isanti 763
Grand Rapids Itasca 218
Jackson Jackson 507
Mora Kanabec 320
Willmar Kandiyohi 320
Hallock Kittson 218
International Falls Koochiching 218
Madison Lac Qui Parle 320
Two Harbors Lake 218
Baudette Lake of the Woods 218
Le Sueur Le Sueur 507
Tyler Lincoln 507
Marshall Lyon 507
Mahnomen Mahnomen 218
Warren Marshall 218
Fairmont Martin 507
Hutchinson McLeod 320
Litchfield Meeker 320
Princeton Mille Lacs 763
Little Falls Morrison 320
Austin Mower 507
Slayton Murray 507
Mankato Nicollet 507
Worthington Nobles 507
Ada Norman 218
Rochester Olmsted 507
Fergus Falls Otter Tail 218
Thief River Falls Pennington 218
Pine City Pine 320
Pipestone Pipestone 507
East Grand Forks Polk 218
Glenwood Pope 320
Saint Paul Ramsey 651
Red Lake Falls Red Lake 218
Redwood Falls Redwood 507
Olivia Renville 320
Faribault Rice 507
Luverne Rock 507
Roseau Roseau 218
Duluth Saint Louis 218
Shakopee Scott 952
Elk River Sherburne 763
Arlington Sibley 507
Saint Cloud Stearns 320
Owatonna Steele 507
Morris Stevens 320
Benson Swift 320
Long Prairie Todd 320
Wheaton Traverse 320
Lake City Wabasha 651
Wadena Wadena 218
Waseca Waseca 507
Saint Paul Washington 651
Saint James Watonwan 507
Breckenridge Wilkin 218
Winona Winona 507
Buffalo Wright 763
Granite Falls Yellow Medicine 320
This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.