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Georgia

Georgia History Timeline

1400s - 1500s
  • (1498) Explorer John Cabot made second trip to North America; may have explored coast of Georgia
  • (1526) Lucas Vazques de Ayllon established first colony on Sapelo Island
  • (1540) Hernando de Soto of Spain explored Georgia
  • (1562) French Huguenots built Charles Fort at Port Royal (Savannah)
  • (1565) Spanish established missions along coastline
  • (1597) Gaule Indians attacked Spanish missions; Mocama Indians helped Spanish stop rebellions
1600s
  • (1629) King Charles I granted charter to Sir Robert Heath, included most of present-day Georgia
  • (1663) King Charles II gave 1629 charter to Earl of Claredon, Duke of Albemarle, Sir George Carteret and five others
  • (1670) Treaty between England and Spain provided possession of land would determine ownership in eastern half of North America
  • (1673) Spanish build fort on St. Catherines Island
  • (1680) English attack that fort
  • (1681) Spanish abandoned St. Catherines Island, moved to Sapelo Island
1700s
  • (1721) British build Fort King George settlement
  • (1729) Seven land proprietors gave their land rights over to England's King George II
  • (1732) King George II issued Georgia first official charter; trustees chose Savannah as colony's first settlement; agreement reached between Lower Creek Indians and colonists (Treaty of Savannah)
  • (1733) Jews in Savannah establish Mickye Israel, oldest congregation practicing Reform Judaism in U.S.
  • (1734) German settlers founded Ebenezer
  • (1735) Alice Riley hanged for participation in murder, first woman to be executed; Scot Highlanders founded New Inverness; Trustees enacted new law prohibiting slaves; Augusta founded
  • (1741) Trustees divided Georgia into two counties - Savannah and Frederica
  • (1742) Battle of Bloody Marsh between Spanish and English; English stopped invasion of St. Simons Island
  • (1749) Law prohibiting slavery rescinded
  • (1752) Trustees surrendered charter to British government; Georgia became royal colony
  • (1754) John Reynolds appointed first royal governor
  • (1757) Creek Indians signed Treaty of Savannah, ceded islands of St. Catherines, Ossabaw and Sapelo and reserve by Savannah
  • (1758) Georgia divided into eight parishes
  • (1764) Sugar Act passed by British to raise revenues from colonies; first serious dispute between colonies and Great Britain
  • (1765) Controversial Stamp Act passed by British
  • (1766) Stamp Act rescinded; South Carolina threatened to invade Georgia, captured two ships and destroyed cargoes
  • (1767) Parliament passed Townshend Acts, taxes levied on glass, lead, paint, paper, tea
  • (1773) Treaty of Augusta signed by Creeks and Cherokees; ceded lands; Tea Act passed by Parliament
  • (1774) First Continental Congress held in Philadelphia; Georgia only colony not to attend
  • (1776) Declaration of Independence signed by all colonies, dissolved all links with Great Britain
  • (1777) Georgia's first state constitution adopted; parishes replaced by counties; British ships blockaded port of Savannah
  • (1779) British captured Augusta; 34-day siege of Savannah occurred
  • (1781) Augusta retaken by Patriot forces
  • (1782) British troops surrendered Savannah; troops evacuated
  • (1787) Georgia fourth state to ratify U S Constitution
  • (1788) Georgia became fourth state
  • (1792) Eli Whitney invented cotton gin at Mulberry Grove Plantation in Georgia
  • (1795) Yazoo Land Fraud took place; treaty between Spain and U. S. settled border between Georgia and Spanish territory of Florida
  • (1799) First state seal adopted
1800s
  • (1807) State capital moved to Milledgeville; boundary between Georgia and North Carolina established
  • (1811) Fight between sailors in Savannah caused three days of riots
  • (1812) War of 1812 began
  • (1815) British burned fort at Point Peter in final battle of War of 1812
  • (1817) First Seminole War began; Indians raided white settlements
  • (1818) First Seminole War ended
  • (1819) Steamship SS Savannah sailed from Savannah to Liverpool, England, first steamship to cross Atlantic
  • (1820) Fire in Savannah destroyed 463 buildings; most residents homeless
  • (1824) Hurricane hit St. Simons Island; 83 killed
  • (1827) All Creek Indian lands ceded to Georgia
  • (1828) Gold discovered; gold rush began
  • (1835) Seminole Indians ambushed U. S. troops, killed 105; start of Second Seminole War
  • (1836) Seminoles massacred Major Frances Dade and troops of 103 men
  • (1837) Seminole Chief, Osceola, taken prisoner
  • (1838) Cherokees and Creek Indians forced out of Georgia (Trail of Tears); Seminole Chief, Osceola, dies
  • (1842) Dr. Crawford Long became first person to use anesthesia during surgery
  • (1861) Civil War began; Savannah volunteer militia captured Fort Pulaski; Ordinance of Secession was adopted; Georgia ratified Confederate Constitution; Georgia took possession of U. S. mint at Dahlonega; President Lincoln orders blockade of Southern ports
  • (1862) Union forces captured Fort Pulaski; Union raiders stole locomotive to (unsuccessfully) destroy bridges and tracks between Atlanta and Chattanooga (Great Locomotive Chase); Atlanta became Confederate military post
  • (1863) President Lincoln issued Emancipation Proclamation; Confederates won at Battle of Chickamauga, over 18,000 killed
  • (1864) Many Civil War battles occurred in Georgia; William T. Sherman led armies through Georgia to Savannah (March to the Sea); left Atlanta in flames
  • (1865) Civil War ended
  • (1868) Atlanta became capital

Georgia Photographs


charles I charles II osceola stamp act british troops war of 1812 s s savannah abe lincoln eli whitney coca cola atlanta braves jimmy carter hernando de soto

Georgia Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Baxley Appling 912
Pearson Atkinson 912
Alma Bacon 912
Newton Baker 912
Milledgeville Baldwin 478
Homer Banks 706
Winder Barrow 770
Cartersville Bartow 770
Fitzgerald Ben Hill 229
Nashville Berrien 229
Macon Bibb 478
Cochran Bleckley 478
Nahunta Brantley 912
Quitman Brooks 229
Richmond Hill Bryan 912
Statesboro Bulloch 912
Waynesboro Burke 706
Jackson Butts 770
Edison Calhoun 229
Saint Marys Camden 912
Metter Candler 912
Carrollton Carroll 770
Ringgold Catoosa 706
Folkston Charlton 912
Savannah Chatham 912
Fort Benning Chattahoochee 706
Summerville Chattooga 706
Woodstock Cherokee 770
Athens Clarke 706
Fort Gaines Clay 229
Jonesboro Clayton 770
Homerville Clinch 912
Marietta Cobb 770
Douglas Coffee 912
Moultrie Colquitt 229
Augusta Columbia 706
Adel Cook 229
Newnan Coweta 770
Roberta Crawford 478
Cordele Crisp 229
Trenton Dade 706
Dawsonville Dawson 706
Bainbridge Decatur 229
Decatur DeKalb 404
Atlanta DeKalb 404
Stone Mountain DeKalb 770
Eastman Dodge 478
Vienna Dooly 229
Albany Dougherty 229
Douglasville Douglas 770
Blakely Early 229
Statenville Echols 229
Rincon Effingham 912
Elberton Elbert 706
Swainsboro Emanuel 478
Claxton Evans 912
Blue Ridge Fannin 706
Fayetteville Fayette 770
Rome Floyd 706
Cumming Forsyth 770
Royston Franklin 706
Alpharetta Fulton 770
Roswell Fulton 770
Atlanta Fulton 404
Ellijay Gilmer 706
Gibson Glascock 706
Brunswick Glynn 912
Calhoun Gordon 706
Cairo Grady 229
Greensboro Greene 706
Duluth Gwinnett 770
Lawrenceville Gwinnett 770
Clarkesville Habersham 706
Gainesville Hall 770
Sparta Hancock 706
Bremen Haralson 770
Fortson Harris 706
Hartwell Hart 706
Franklin Heard 706
McDonough Henry 770
Warner Robins Houston 478
Ocilla Irwin 229
Jefferson Jackson 706
Monticello Jasper 706
Hazlehurst Jeff Davis 912
Louisville Jefferson 478
Millen Jenkins 478
Wrightsville Johnson 478
Gray Jones 478
Barnesville Lamar 770
Lakeland Lanier 229
Dublin Laurens 478
Leesburg Lee 229
Hinesville Liberty 912
Lincolnton Lincoln 706
Ludowici Long 912
Valdosta Lowndes 229
Dahlonega Lumpkin 706
Oglethorpe Macon 478
Danielsville Madison 706
Buena Vista Marion 229
Thomson McDuffie 706
Townsend McIntosh 912
Manchester Meriwether 706
Colquitt Miller 229
Pelham Mitchell 229
Forsyth Monroe 478
Mount Vernon Montgomery 912
Madison Morgan 706
Chatsworth Murray 706
Columbus Muscogee 706
Covington Newton 770
Watkinsville Oconee 706
Lexington Oglethorpe 706
Dallas Paulding 770
Fort Valley Peach 478
Jasper Pickens 706
Blackshear Pierce 912
Williamson Pike 770
Cedartown Polk 770
Hawkinsville Pulaski 478
Eatonton Putnam 706
Georgetown Quitman 229
Clayton Rabun 706
Cuthbert Randolph 229
Augusta Richmond 706
Conyers Rockdale 770
Ellaville Schley 229
Sylvania Screven 912
Donalsonville Seminole 229
Griffin Spalding 770
Toccoa Stephens 706
Lumpkin Stewart 229
Americus Sumter 229
Box Springs Talbot 706
Crawfordville Taliaferro 706
Glennville Tattnall 912
Butler Taylor 478
McRae Helena Telfair 229
Dawson Terrell 229
Thomasville Thomas 229
Tifton Tift 229
Vidalia Toombs 912
Hiawassee Towns 706
Soperton Treutlen 912
Lagrange Troup 706
Ashburn Turner 229
Jeffersonville Twiggs 478
Blairsville Union 706
Thomaston Upson 706
Rossville Walker 706
Loganville Walton 770
Waycross Ware 912
Warrenton Warren 706
Sandersville Washington 478
Jesup Wayne 912
Preston Webster 229
Alamo Wheeler 229
Cleveland White 706
Dalton Whitfield 706
Abbeville Wilcox 229
Washington Wilkes 706
Gordon Wilkinson 478
Sylvester Worth 229
This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.