Arizona Timeline

700s - 1700s
  • (700 A.D. - 1200 A.D.) Pueblo people lived on the land and the Hopi village was founded
  • (1539) Father Marcos de Niza, looking for cities of gold, explored Arizona and claimed it for Spain
  • (1540) Francisco Coronado explored the area
  • (1692) Jesuit priests arrived in the Arizona area
  • (1700) San Xavier del Bac mission (White Dove of the Desert) was founded
  • (1752) Tubac became first permanent settlement
  • (1821) All of Arizona governed by Mexico
  • (1846) The Mexican-American War began
  • (1848) The Mexican-American War ended; most of the land became part of the United States of America
  • (1854) Copper discovered in Arizona
  • (1858) Gold found in the Gila River
  • (1862) Confederate troops occupied Tucson; Cochise and Apaches attacked soldiers at Apache Pass
  • (1863) Arizona Territory created by Congress, with Prescott as the capital
  • (1869) John Wesley Powell explored the Grand Canyon by boat along the Colorado River
  • (1881) The first railroad crossed the state
  • (1881) The infamous "Gunfight at the OK Corral"
  • (1886) The Apache Chief Geronimo finally surrendered, and Indian fighting ended
  • (1889) Phoenix became the capital city
  • (1911) The Roosevelt Dam project completed
  • (1912) Arizona became the 48th State on February 14th, Valentine's Day
  • (1919) Grand Canyon National Park established
  • (1930) The planet Pluto discovered by astronomers at the Lowell Observatory
  • (1936) Hoover Dam completed and dedicated
  • (1948) Arizona native American Indians won the right to vote
  • (1964) Barry Goldwater, Arizona Senator, ran for U.S. President
  • (1968) London Bridge moved from England, to Lake Havasu City, Arizona
  • (1981) Sandra Day O'Connor became the first woman appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court
  • (1991) The Central Arizona (water) Project completed
  • (2001) Arizona Diamondbacks won the World Series, beating the New York Yankees in 7 games
  • (2002) Wildfires sept through a half-dozen towns; 25,000 forced to evacuate
  • (2007) Arizona Senator John McCain announced candidacy for U.S. President
  • (2007) Four people killed when two television helicopters collided in mid-air
  • (2008) John McCain won Republican nomination for U.S. President
  • (2009) Two people died, 19 others hospitalized after being overcome in sauna-like room at spiritual retreat
  • (2010) Arizona enacted strict immigration bill
  • (2011) U.S. Congresswoman Gabrielle Giffords was shot in head, six killed by gunman in Tucson
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