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Arkansas

Arkansas History Timeline

1500s - 1600s
  • (1541) Spanish conqueror Hernando De Soto led first European expedition into Arkansas
  • (1673) Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette, trader Louis Jolliet reached Quapaw villages of "Akansae" and "Kappa"
  • (1682) Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle claimed Mississippi valley for King Louis XIV of France; La Salle's party built Fort Prud'homme
  • (1686) Arkansas Post founded as first settlement on Mississippi River
1700s
  • (1700) French Catholic missionaries arrived to convert local Natives
  • (1721) Colonists abandoned Arkansas Post
  • (1738) French began two year war against Chickasaw Indians
  • (1762) France ceded Louisiana Territory to Spain
1800s
  • (1803) U.S. purchased Louisiana Territory
  • (1806) Louisiana Territory split, District of Arkansaw formed
  • (1811) New Madrid earthquake struck, many left homeless
  • (1812) Missouri Territory, including Arkansas, created by Congress
  • (1817) First post office established at Davidsonville; Cherokee given land in northwest Arkansas; Fort Smith established
  • (1818) Quapaw Indians ceded land between Red and Arkansas Rivers
  • (1819) Territory of Arkansas created
  • (1821) Territory capital moved from Arkansas Post to Little Rock
  • (1822) First steamboat on Arkansas River reached Little Rock
  • (1824) Quapaw Indians forced to cede lands south of Arkansas River
  • (1826) Smallpox epidemic reached Arkansas
  • (1836) Arkansas became twenty-fifth state
  • (1859) Legislation signed freeing all slaves
  • (1861) Arkansas seceded from Union; admitted to Confederate States of America
  • (1862) Battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove; Union victorious
  • (1864) Teenaged Confederate soldier executed for spying; unionist convention abolished slavery, adopted new constitution
  • (1866) Ex-Confederates gained control of legislature; laws passed denying blacks right to sit on juries, serve in militia or attend white public schools
  • (1867) Congress passed Reconstruction Act, voided government of Arkansas and nine other southern states
  • (1868) Arkansas re-admitted to Union; Ku Klux Klan violence led to martial law in most of state
  • (1877) Hot Springs Reservation established
  • (1887) Bauxite discovered southwest of Little Rock
  • (1891) First "Jim Crow" law passed segregating blacks and whites on trains and trams


1900s

  • (1904) First crop of rice grown
  • (1906) Diamonds discovered near Murfreesboro
  • (1915) General Assembly passed statewide prohibition of liquor sales; capitol building completed
  • (1919) Race riot in Elaine
  • (1920) Oil discovered near Smackover
  • (1927) Over one-fifth of state flooded by Mississippi River
  • (1932) Hattie Caraway became first woman elected to U. S. Senate
  • (1942) Internment camps established for west coast Japanese-Americans
  • (1957) School desegregation in Little Rock brought national attention to civil rights movement
  • (1958) Little Rock high schools closed for academic year due to political and social controversy over desegregation
  • (1967) Winthrop Rockefeller elected as first Republic governor since Reconstruction
  • (1992) Bill Clinton elected 42nd President of U. S.
  • (1996) Bill Clinton re-elected President of U. S.
2000s
  • (2002) Bentonville-based Wal-Mart identified as world's largest corporation.
  • (2006) US government investigators told the Senate FEMA let nearly 11,000 unused manufactured homes deteriorate on old runways and open fields in Arkansas
  • (2007) Tornado injured 40 people, damaged dozens of homes and businesses, most of town of Dumas destroyed
  • (2008) Shooting at University of Central Arkansas in Conway killed two students, wounded one
  • (2009) State lottery went into effect
  • (2010) Flash floods swept through Albert Pike Recreation Area, 19 killed
  • (2011) Mississippi River flooded more than 1 million acres of cropland, 63 counties declared disaster areas

Arkansas Photographs

Bill Clinton Father Marquette Hernando De Soto Nattie Caraway steamboat Winthrop Rockefeller

Arkansas Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Stuttgart Arkansas 870
Crossett Ashley 870
Mountain Home Baxter 870
Rogers Benton 479
Harrison Boone 870
Warren Bradley 870
Hampton Calhoun 870
Berryville Carroll 870
Lake Village Chicot 870
Arkadelphia Clark 870
Piggott Clay 870
Heber Springs Cleburne 501
Rison Cleveland 870
Magnolia Columbia 870
Morrilton Conway 501
Jonesboro Craighead 870
Van Buren Crawford 479
West Memphis Crittenden 870
Wynne Cross 870
Fordyce Dallas 870
Dumas Desha 870
Monticello Drew 870
Conway Faulkner 501
Ozark Franklin 479
Salem Fulton 870
Hot Springs National Park Garland 501
Sheridan Grant 870
Paragould Greene 870
Hope Hempstead 870
Malvern Hot Spring 501
Nashville Howard 870
Batesville Independence 870
Melbourne Izard 870
Newport Jackson 870
Pine Bluff Jefferson 870
Clarksville Johnson 479
Stamps Lafayette 870
Walnut Ridge Lawrence 870
Marianna Lee 870
Star City Lincoln 870
Ashdown Little River 870
Booneville Logan 479
Cabot Lonoke 501
Huntsville Madison 479
Yellville Marion 870
Texarkana Miller 870
Blytheville Mississippi 870
Brinkley Monroe 870
Mount Ida Montgomery 870
Prescott Nevada 870
Jasper Newton 870
Camden Ouachita 870
Perryville Perry 501
West Helena Phillips 870
Glenwood Pike 870
Trumann Poinsett 870
Mena Polk 479
Russellville Pope 479
Des Arc Prairie 870
Little Rock Pulaski 501
Pocahontas Randolph 870
Forrest City Saint Francis 870
Benton Saline 501
Waldron Scott 479
Marshall Searcy 870
Fort Smith Sebastian 479
De Queen Sevier 870
Cherokee Village Sharp 870
Mountain View Stone 870
El Dorado Union 870
Clinton Van Buren 501
Fayetteville Washington 479
Searcy White 501
McCrory Woodruff 870
Dardanelle Yell 479
This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.