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Alaska

Alaska History Timeline

1500's - 1600's
  • (1578) Cossack Chieftain Yermak Timofief journeyed eastward from Russia across steppes
  • (1639) Cossack horsemen arrived; built first Russian village
1700's
  • (1725) Vitus Bering explored Northwest coast; established Russia's claim
  • (1728) Bering sailed through Bering Strait
  • (1741) First Russian ships arrived; animal trappers began fur trade
  • (1774) Juan Perez discovered Prince of Wales Island, Dixon Sound
  • (1784) First white settlement established at Three Saints Bay
1800's
  • (1802) Tlinglit Indians destroyed Russian fort at Old Sitka
  • (1804) Russians attacked Kiksadi fort on Indian River; Russians lost
  • (1847) Fort Yukon established
  • (1853) Russian explorers found oil in Cook Inlet
  • (1857) Coal mining began at Coal Harbor
  • (1861) Gold discovered in Stikine River
  • (1867) Russia sold (present-day) Alaska to United States for $7.2 million (about 2 cents per acre)
  • (1868) Alaska designated Department of Alaska
  • (1869) Sitka Times, first Alaskan newspaper, published
  • (1872) Gold discovered near Sitka
  • (1874) George Halt first white man to cross Chilkoot Pass in search for gold
  • (1876) Gold discovered south of Juneau
  • (1882) First commercial herring fishing began
  • (1884) Steamships began bringing tourists
  • (1888) More than 60,000 arrived in search for gold
  • (1897 - 1900) Klondike gold rush occurred

Alaska Photographs

Exxon Valdez Klondike Miners Sarah Palin Theodore Roosevelt Vitus Bering

Alaska Cities, Counties & Area Codes

City County Area Code
Akutan Aleutians East 907
Unalaska Aleutians West 907
Anchorage Anchorage 907
Bethel Bethel 907
Naknek Bristol Bay 907
Healy Denali 907
Dillingham Dillingham 907
Fairbanks Fairbanks North Star 907
Haines Haines 907
Hoonah Hoonah Angoon 907
Juneau Juneau 907
Kenai Kenai Peninsula 907
Ketchikan Ketchikan Gateway 907
Kodiak Kodiak Island 907
Iliamna Lake and Peninsula 907
Wasilla Matanuska Susitna 907
Nome Nome 907
Barrow North Slope 907
Kotzebue Northwest Arctic 907
Petersburg Petersburg 907
Craig Prince of Wales Hyder 907
Sitka Sitka 907
Skagway Skagway 907
Delta Junction Southeast Fairbanks 907
Valdez Valdez Cordova 907
Hooper Bay Wade Hampton 907
Wrangell Wrangell 907
Yakutat Yakutat 907
Nenana Yukon Koyukuk 907
This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.