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Prince Edward Island

Prince Edward Island Description

The 1864 conference in Charlottetown marked the beginning of the island's recognition as "the birthplace of Canada," as this meeting represented the first of many that ultimately resulted in the Canadian Confederation. It was not until 1873 that PEI joined the Dominion of Canada.

Two years later, the island's government was granted the power to force landlords to sell their land, and land ownership finally became possible for tenants through lease purchase agreements.

Entering the 20th Century

Life on PEI continued to improve as the 20th century progressed with the growth of tourism, especially in the north shore region. Its first national park was established in the 1930s, and further developed in the 1950s and '60s.

Although the island experienced slow development, roadways were opened to cars in 1917; by the 1950s, additional roads had been paved and rural electrification had reached the area, facilitating the growth of tourism. By the end of the 20th century, tourism had established itself as a dominant industry on PEI.

Prince Edward Island Today

PEI is rich with history and culture, Canadian scenery and exciting attractions.

Cycling, kayaking, fishing, snorkeling, parasailing and hiking the Confederation Trail remain popular outdoor activities. More relaxing endeavors include viewing the colorful scenery, from the island's various bays, coves and inlets to its uniquely lengthy coastline, which means a day at the beach is always possible.

PEI also offers a network of Provincial Parks, including 11 camping parks and 14 day use parks. These outdoor attractions serve as sites for swimming, sports, picnics and overnight camping. PEI is neighbored by fellow maritime provinces Nova Scotia to the south, New Brunswick to the west, and Newfoundland to the northeast.

There is just as much happening indoors on PEI. Visiting Province House and Founders' Hall is a must for reliving the historic 1864 Charlottetown Conference. Attending community concerts, viewing Acadian theater and crafting handmade island souvenirs represent just several ways to experience PEI's deep-rooted culture and traditions.

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This page was last updated on July 12, 2016.