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New Brunswick

New Brunswick History Timeline

1500s - 1600s
  • (1534) Jacques Cartier charted northern coast of New Brunswick (N.B.), found Chaleur Bay
  • (1604) Settlement of Sainte-Croix founded
  • (1691) Commander Joseph Robineau de Villebon constructed first home at Fort Saint-Joseph
1700s
  • (1713) N.B. belonged to France with signing of Treaty of Utrecht
  • (1756 - 1763) Seven Years' War - British extended control to include all of N.B.
  • (1758) British raiding party destroyed Grimross (Gagetown), burned 50 buildings; Fort Frederick established at mouth of St. John River
  • (1763) N.B. absorbed into colony of Nova Scotia
  • (1783) Settlers at St. Anne's Point (Fredericton) had snowfall, freezing temperatures in tents with no floors nor provisions for winter
  • (1784) New Brunswick established as a separate colony from Nova Scotia
  • (1786) First legislature of New Brunswick met
1800s
  • (1816) First river steamboat launched at Saint John
  • (1820) Bank of N.B. incorporated, first in the colony
  • (1825) 200-500 people killed in Miramichi fire, destroyed towns of Newcastle and Douglastown
  • (1839) Aroostook War - N.B. and Maine Lumbermen clashed over undefined border
  • (1842) N.B. - Maine boundary dispute settled
  • (1848) N.B. granted self-government
  • (1849) N.B. established own postal system
  • (1852) N.B. gained recognition as home of world's fastest clipper ship - Marco Polo (sailed from Liverpool, England to Melbourne, Australia in 76 days)
  • (1860) Decimal coinage became official tender
  • (1867) British North America Act joined Nova Scotia and N.B. in one federal union; became one of four original provinces of Dominion of Canada
  • (1880) N.B. legislature in Fredericton destroyed by fire
  • (1886) Fire at Dalhousie destroyed 22 buildings
1900s
  • (1919) N.B. women won right to vote
  • (1922) Hartland Bridge covered- longest covered bridge in world
  • (1934) N.B. women won right to hold provincial office
  • (1937) Miramichi Strike- 1500 mill workers and longshoremen along Miramichi River struck at 14 lumber firms for increased wages
  • (1955) N.B.recorded low temperature of -47.2° C measured at Sisson Dam
  • (1970) North America's first deep-water terminal for supertankers officially opened
  • (1972) Federal government banned fishing off N.B. coast to conserve dwindling fish stocks
  • (1974) N.B. became first province to draft statutes in both official languages
  • (1984 - 1985) Potash mining began
  • (1993) Section 16.1 added to Charter of Rights, proclaimed equality of N.B.'s English-speaking, French-speaking communities
  • (1997) Confederation Bridge opened, connected N.B. and Prince Edward island; flooding occurred in large potash mine, caused closure
  • (1998) Theriault became Premier
  • (1999) N.B. Progressive Conservation Party won landside victory in provincial election- Bernard Lord became premier
2000s
  • (2003) First case of potato blight reported
  • (2004) N.B. introduced new anti-smoking laws
  • (2007) N.B. announced largest one-time minimum wage rate increase
  • (2008) Nearly a quarter of the province's deer population died during the winter due to starvation, predation, collisions with cars
  • (2009) Saint John Telegraph-Journal newspaper apologized for inventing scandal involving Canada's Prime Minister
  • (2010) Coal-fired generating station and coal strip mine closed
  • (2010) David Alward elected Premier
  • (2012) Hundreds of people forced from homes in Perth-Andover due to flooding along St. John River