Canada

Canada Weather

Looking to learn about Canada in under 1 minute? Check out our Where is Canada? page, or What is the Capital of Canada? page.

Climate:
Canadian citizens have joked that there are eight months of winter in Canada, followed by four months of road repairs. Well, for parts of the country, that statement is close to true.

Canada is the second largest country in the world (after Russia), and the largest on the North American continent, so saying that weather conditions vary widely in Canada would be a gross understatement.

Because of the warm ocean currents along the British Columbia coastline, spring begins there in February. Across the central and southern reaches of the country enjoyable spring weather usually arrives in May.

Summer begins in late May, and extends through September. The hottest months are July and August, and in the large cities of the south and across the central plains in summer, high temperatures are normally in the low 80's, with highs in the 90's somewhat common.

For many travelers, the months of September and October (Fall) are the best time to visit Canada, as most days are cool, crisp and pleasant.

The Canadian winters are cold and long, and in the northern reaches of the country they can be brutal. In the central interior and prairie provinces, the daily average temps (in winter) are near 5°F, with daily lows near -20°F; significantly lower on occasion.

In these regions, snow can cover the ground almost six months of the year, while in the far-north, nine months of snow cover (or more) is the norm.

Current Weather Conditions in:
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For additional weather conditions across Canada, select the province or territory of your choice on the map at the top of this page.

Canada Photographs

jack pine Canadian Jack Pine

Canada provinces, territories & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Alberta Edmonton Alberta
British Columbia Victoria British Columbia
Manitoba Winnipeg Manitoba
New Brunswick Fredericton New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador
Northwest Territories Yellowknife Northwest Territories
Nova Scotia Halifax Nova Scotia
Nunavut Iqaluit Nunavut
Ontario Toronto Ontario
Prince Edward Island Charlottetown Prince Edward Island
Quebec Quebec Quebec
Saskatchewan Regina Saskatchewan
Yukon Whitehorse Yukon