Canadian citizens have joked that there are eight months of winter in Canada, followed by four months of road repairs. Well, for parts of the country, that statement is close to true.
Canada is the second largest country in the world (after Russia), and the largest on the North American continent, so saying that weather conditions vary widely in Canada would be a gross understatement.
Because of the warm ocean currents along the British Columbia coastline, spring begins there in February. Across the central and southern reaches of the country enjoyable spring weather usually arrives in May.
Summer begins in late May, and extends through September. The hottest months are July and August, and in the large cities of the south and across the central plains in summer, high temperatures are normally in the low 80's, with highs in the 90's somewhat common.
For many travelers, the months of September and October (Fall) are the best time to visit Canada, as most days are cool, crisp and pleasant.
The Canadian winters are cold and long, and in the northern reaches of the country they can be brutal. In the central interior and prairie provinces, the daily average temps (in winter) are near 5°F, with daily lows near -20°F; significantly lower on occasion.
In these regions, snow can cover the ground almost six months of the year, while in the far-north, nine months of snow cover (or more) is the norm.
For additional weather conditions across Canada, select the province or territory of your choice on the map at the top of this page.
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Canada provinces, territories & their capitals
|British Columbia||Victoria||British Columbia|
|New Brunswick||Fredericton||New Brunswick|
|Newfoundland and Labrador||St. John's||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|Northwest Territories||Yellowknife||Northwest Territories|
|Nova Scotia||Halifax||Nova Scotia|
|Prince Edward Island||Charlottetown||Prince Edward Island|