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Cozumel

Cozumel History Timeline

Cozumel timeline

550 - 1900s

  • (550 - 1500) The Mayan culture flourished along the Yucatan Peninsula
  • (1518) Spanish explorer, Juan de Grijalva, while leading expedition from Cuba, set foot on Cozumel, claimed for Spain
  • (1519) Hernan Cortes came with fleet, destroyed many Maya temples
  • (1519 - 1570) Smallpox devastated Mayan population
  • (1526) Francisco de Montejo, representative of King of Spain, gave island name of San Miguel de Cozumel
  • (1658 - 1688) Pirate Henry Morgan used Cozumel as stopover during Caribbean raids
  • (1800s) Pirate Jean Lafitte hid from pursuers near Cozumel
  • (1848) Caste War of Yucatan resulted in refugees settling in Cozumel
  • (1849) Quintana Roo Governor Barbachano established village of San Miguel
  • (1927) Charles Lindberg flew first airplane to land on the island
  • (1943) Cozumel Airport opened
  • (1945) French oceanographer, Jacques Cousteau, visited the island
  • (1961) Jacques Cousteau proclaimed Cozumel's waters to be most spectacular scuba diving spots in the world
  • (1969) First cruise ship arrived
  • (1970) Mexican airliner enroute to Cozumel, hijacked to Cuba
  • (1972) Pre-Columbian city, San Gervasio, discovered on Cozumel
  • (1974) Cozumel became major cruise ship destination
  • (1988) Hurricane Gilbert struck, caused significant damage
  • (1990s) Deepwater pier built for cruise ships to dock
  • (1993) Diver killed by shark off the coast

2000s

  • (2000) British singer, Kirsty MacColl, killed by speedboat while diving
  • (2005) On October 21, Hurricane Wilma made landfall on Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula as a powerful Category 4 hurricane, with strong winds in excess of 150 mph (240 km/h); caused significant damage in Cozumel
  • (2009) All tourist activity stopped for several months, due to sanitary crisis from swine flu
  • (2009) Cozumel was named "Island of Peace" and awarded "The Banner of Peace"
  • (2009) Cozumel hosted the Iron Man competition with over 2,000 participants
  • (2011) Yucatan area of Mexico (Cozumel, Cancun) rated as one of the five safest places to visit in Mexico

Cozumel Photographs

map of Cozumel large cozumel map caribbean sea yucatan peninsula graphicmaps.com print this map

locator map of Cozumel bahamas florida gulf of mexico mexico jamaica dominican republic st. vincent and the grenadines grenada central america atlantic ocean atlantic ocean usa honduras nicaragua panama caribbean sea pacific ocean puerto rico south america trinidad and tobago colombia barbados

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Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org