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Slovakia History Timeline

400's – 1800's
  • (400's) Slavs inhabited the region
  • (623) Slavic population unified by King Samo after successful insurrection against the Avars
  • (631) Samo defeated Frankish army at Battle of Wogastisburg
  • (665) Slavs were rejoined with Avars following death of Samo
  • (750-800) Slovenes Christianized
  • (803) King Charlemagne and Slavs defeated the Avars
  • (833) Great Moravia Empire founded, Mojmir I unified two neighboring states by force
  • (900's) Magyars invaded present day Slovakia, formed Greater Hungary under King Stephen, 1000 years of foreign control
  • (1526) Hapsburgs seized Upper Hungary (Slovakia), the Hapsburg Dynasty began
  • (1867) Dural monarch of Austria-Hungary formed after Hapsburg Emperor, Franz Josef, compromised with Hungarian nobles, Slovakia became part of the kingdom
1900's
  • (1918) Hapsburg ruled empire collapsed; Czechs and Slovaks came together, created Czechoslovakia
  • (1939) Germany occupied Czechoslovakia, German "protectorate" established; Slovak became a nominally independence state under Nazi Germany with Josef Tiso as prime minister
  • (1941) Jewish Code passed – all Jews were reqired to wear yellow armbands, banned from intermarriage and many jobs
  • (1942) Approximately 57,000 Jews deported to Poland, most of them were killed
  • (1944) Slovak National Uprising occurred with 60,000 Slovak troops and 18,000 partisans rose up against the Nazis
  • (1945) Soviet army liberated Slovakia, restored to prewar status; rejoined Czechoslovakian state
  • (1948) Communist party took power, Slovakia subjected to a centralized Czech-dominated government again, antagonism between the two republics developed
  • (1969) Nation became the Slovak Socialist Republic of Czechoslovakia
  • (1989) The Velvet Revolution began, led to the downfall of the Communist Party rule of 42 years; Vaclav Havel elected president of Czechoslovakia, democratic political reform began
  • (1992) Slovakia's government declared its independence from Czechoslovakia
  • (1993) The Republic of Slovakia became official; Michal Kovac elected president; Slovakia was bumped from NATO's invitation list, excluded from candidacy in the EU
  • (1998) Mikulas Dzurinda elected prime minister, began working on clearing Slovakia's status of a pariah state

2000's

  • (2002) Mikulas Dzurinda reelected, formed new coalition which focused on gaining invitation to NATO and EU and attracting foreign investment
  • (2003) 92% of voters approved EU membership
  • (2004) Slovakia joined NATO and the EU
  • (2005) Slovakia elected to two-year term on UN Security Council
  • (2005) Slovakia ratified the EU constitution
  • (2006) Robert Fico won parliamentary elections
  • (2006) Aircraft operated by Slovak Air Force carrying peacekeepers from Kosovo crashed in northern Hungary, 42 killed, one survivor
  • (2007) Slovakia became member of Europe's passport-free Schengen zone
  • (2008) Slovakia revalued its currency
  • (2009) Slovakia adopted the euro
  • (2009) Nuclear power plant was reopened
  • (2009) Ovan Gasparovic re-elected for second presidential term
  • (2009) Handlova mine blast killed 20
  • (2010) Lone gunman opened fire in suburb of Bratislava, eight killed, 17 injured
  • (2010) Slovakia agreed to accept three inmates from US prison at Guantanamo Bay
  • (2010) Iveta Radicova appointed prime minister

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.