Although the Italians granted Slovenia cultural autonomy, the Nazis waged a violent administration sending more than 63,000 Slovenes to concentration camps.
Following World War II, Yugoslavia re-established themselves, and Communistic rule was put into place.
Once again, Slovenia was at the forefront of economic growth, however, after the death of Yugoslavian President, Josip Broz Tito, the political and economic situation of the region suffered.
In 1987, Slovenia began their push towards freedom, and on June 25, 1991 they finally declared their independence from Yugoslavia.
Naturally, Yugoslavia didn't let them go so easily, and a war was quick to emerge. Fortunately, for all involved it was only a ten-day ordeal before a truce was called, and by October 1991 the last of the Yugoslavian Army vacated Slovenia.
Soon after, Slovenia became the 176th member of the United Nations and an associate member of the European Union.
By 2004, the country joined NATO, followed by the Eurozone after meeting Maastricht criteria in 2007.
Then, for the first half of 2008, Slovenia became the first post-Communist country to hold Presidency in the Council of the European Union.
Today, agricultural industries are a significant economic factor, and its large freight port in Koper (on the Adriatic Sea) is an important gateway into Central Europe.