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Scotland

Scotland History Timeline

1600s
  • (1603) Queen Elizabeth I of England died; James VI of Scotland now also King James I of England
  • (1606) England, Wales, Scotland adopted Union flag
  • (1625) James VII died; son Charles I became king
  • (1637) Charles I imposed use of new prayer book; rioting took place
  • (1638) Covenanters rebelled against Charles I
  • (1639) Wars of Covenant began; English agreed to truce - "Pacification of Berwick"
  • (1640) Scots marched on Newcastle; truce signed at Ripon; English Parliament sat to raise funds to settle with Scots ("Long Parliament")
  • (1643) Covenanters agreed to aid English parliamentarians against King
  • (1644) Covenanters defeated at Battles of Tippermuir, Fyvie and Inverlochy; city of Aberdeen captured, sacked
  • (1645) Covenanters defeated at Battles of Auldearn, Alford and Kilsyth won battle at Philiphaugh; Oliver Cromwell led New Model Army to victory at Naseby; English captured Glasgow, Edinburgh
  • (1646) Charles I surrendered to Covenanters; imprisoned
  • (1647) Charles I released
  • (1648) Second Civil War began; Oliver Cromwell defeated Scots at Preston
  • (1649) King Charles I executed; Charles II named King in Scotland
  • (1650) Scots defeated by Cromwell at Dunbar; Edinburgh castle surrendered to Cromwell
  • (1652) Great Fire of Glasgow destroyed third of city
  • (1660) Charles II proclaimed King of England, Scotland and Ireland; monarchy restored; Scotland later declared separate kingdom
  • (1666) King's army defeated Covenanters at Battle of Rullion Green
  • (1685) King Charles II died; James VII crowned king
  • (1688) Rioting in Edinburgh spread across Scotland; King James VI deposed, fled
  • (1689) William III and Mary II crowned joint king and queen of England, Scotland and Ireland
  • (1692) Glencoe Massacre - 38 members of Macdonald clan killed
  • (1695) Bank of Scotland founded
1700s
  • (1707) Act of Union passed; England, Wales and Scotland united to form Great Britain; last meeting held of Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh; first meeting of Parliament in Great Britain
  • (1715) First Jacobite rebellion
  • (1725) Bloody riots in Glasgow protested new taxes on Scottish malt
  • (1726) First railway opened between Edinburgh and Dalkeith
  • (1730) Emigration to American colonies began
  • (1745) Second Jacobite rebellion
  • (1746) Second Jacobite rebellion ended at Battle of Culloden
  • (1787) Glasgow weavers rioted after wages cut, six killed; first lighthouse in Scotland opened
  • (1790) Forth and Clyde Canal opened
  • (1799) Income tax introduced
1800s
  • (1812) First commercial steamboat service from Glasgow to Greenock
  • (1814 - 1820) Sutherland Clearances occurred (tenant evictions)
  • (1820) Radical Rising occurred, ringleaders executed
  • (1822) Caledonian Canal between Inverness and Fort William opened
  • (1824) Edinburgh's Great Fire lasted three days, destroyed $400,000 in property, 10 killed, hundreds left homeless
  • (1831) Passenger railway service began between Glasgow and Garnkirk; major outbreak of cholera in Scotland
  • (1832) "The Bad Day", 31 boats sank, 105 died
  • (1837) King William IV died; Queen Victoria crowned
  • (1842) Railway between Glasgow and Edinburgh opened
  • (1843) Free Church of Scotland established
  • (1846) Caledonian Canal between Inverness and Fort William opened; 10-year Highland potato famine began; Corn Law repealed
  • (1860) First open golf championship held at Prestwick
  • (1867) First football club formed
  • (1868) Reform Act passed, all male householders eligible to vote
  • (1872) First Scotland v. England football match held
  • (1877) Explosion at Blantyre Colliery Mine killed 207
  • (1881) Eyemouth Fishing Disaster, 189 fishermen in 20 boats killed in storm
  • (1882) Battle of the Braes fought over land rights disputes
  • (1883) Steamer "Daphne" sunk on river Clyde, 124 drowned
  • (1888) Scottish Labour Party formed
1900s
  • (1901) Queen Victoria died
  • (1904 - 1913) Over 600,000 Scots emigrated
  • (1909) Fans rioted at Scottish Cup Final
  • (1915) Naval bases established in Orkney and Invergordon; rail crash killed 227, injured 246; Navy ship HMS Natal exploded in Cromarty Firth, 405 died
  • (1917) Women over 30 received right to vote
  • (1919) Troop ship Iolaire sunk in Stornoway, killed 200 returning from WWI; riots occurred in Glasgow against rent levels; German fleet captured in Orkney; Bloody Friday riot in Glasgow, 20,000 strikers gathered
  • (1921 - 1931) More than 400,000 Scots emigrated
  • (1923) 40 miners drowned in pit disaster at Redding
  • (1928) National Party for Scotland formed; women over 21 received right to vote; discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming announced
  • (1930) Unemployment reached 25%
  • (1931) 12,000 Navy sailors struck over cuts in pay
  • (1934) Scottish National Party founded; Queen Mary launched for maiden voyage
  • (1936) King Edward VIII abdicated; George VI became King
  • (1941) Shipyards at Clydeside bombed by Luftwaffe, 1,000 killed
  • (1942) 10,000 U. S. troops arrived
  • (1945) World War II ended
  • (1950) Scottish Nationalists stole "Stone of Destiny" from Westminster Abbey
  • (1952) Elizabeth II became queen
  • (1959) First nuclear power station opened; Iceland fired live rounds at fishing trawlers during "Cod War"
  • (1963) Last hanging in Scotland took place
  • (1968) Winds of over 100 mph struck Glasgow, 250,000 homes damaged, 1,700 homeless, 20 killed
  • (1971) Stadium collapse in Glasgow killed 66 football fans; decimal currency introduced
  • (1972) United Kingdom joined European Union
  • (1988) Bomb on Pan Am flight 757 exploded, crashed at Lockerbie, killed 243 passengers, 16 crew, 11 residents
  • (1993) Tanker ran aground in Shetland Islands, spilled 26 million gallons light crude oil
  • (1995) Bridge to Isle of Skye opened; movie "Braveheart" released
  • (1996) Gunman murdered 16 school children and teacher in Dunblane; Stone of Destiny returned, installed in Edinburgh Castle; cloned lamb (named Dolly), born in Edinburgh
  • (1997) Voters approved referendum for separate Scottish Parliament after 290 years of union with England
  • (1999) Election for new Scottish Parliament occurred; officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II
2000s
  • (2003) Dolly, the cloned sheep, died
  • (2004) Queen Elizabeth II opened new Scottish Parliament Building; explosion in plastics factory in Glasgow killed 7, injured 44
  • (2005) Police scuffled with protestors in Edinburgh during G8 summit
  • (2006) Smoking ban in all public places took effect
  • (2007) Railway signalworkers struck, caused severe curtailment of services; attempted terrorist attack on Glasgow Airport, two arrested; Lockerbie bomber allowed appeal
  • (2008) Scottish National Party overturned Labour majority in election
  • (2009) Lockerbie bomber released from prison on compassionate grounds, returned to Libya; flooding caused severe damages
  • (2010) Heaviest snow in 30 years caused school closures, transportation problems; ash cloud from Eyjafjallaj√∂kull volcano in Iceland caused airport closures
  • (2011) Prescription charges abolished in Scotland
  • (2014) Sept 18th: Referendum on Scottish Independence held. Pro UK side wins with 55% of vote.

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.