Portugal is one of the warmest countries in Europe, as the annual (average) temperature in mainland Portugal varies from 13°C (55.4°F) in the mountainous interior north, to over 18°C (64.4°F) in the south.
Portugal enjoys lots of sunshine and consequently, summer temperatures have reached over 45°C (113°F) in the south. Colder (cooler) conditions in the northern mountains are the norm.
As for precipitation, the annual average rainfall in the mainland varies from just over 3,000 mm (118.1 in) in the northern mountains to less than 300 mm (11.8 in) in the central areas.
Snowfall is common in winter in the higher elevations of the mountains, while quite rare in the southern reaches of the country.
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