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Italy History Timeline

BC
  • (900 BC) Iron Age: communities established in river valleys in Etruria
  • (800 BC) Greeks settled in Southern Italy and Sicily
  • (753 BC) Legendary founding of Rome by Romulus
  • (715-673 BC) Numa Pompilius reigned as second King of Rome
  • (616 BC) Etruscans became rulers of Rome
  • (509 BC) Last Etruscan king forced out of Rome; Roman Empire established
  • (499 BC) Romans defeated Latins and Etruscans in Battle of Lake Regillus
  • (400 BC) Gauls settled along Po River valley
  • (390 BC) Gauls sacked Rome
  • (312 BC) Via Appia and Aqua Appia aqueducts built
  • (265 BC) Romans took over last Etruscan city
  • (264-241 BC) First Punic War occurred
  • (237 BC) Romans moved into Corsica and Sardinia
  • (218 BC) Second Punic War; Hannibal crossed Alps
  • (216 BC) Romans defeated at Battle of Cannae
  • (191 BC) Romans captured Gaulish territory
  • (168 BC) Third Macedonian War ended
  • (146 BC) Third Punic War ended
  • (49 BC) Caesar forces Pompey out of Rome
  • (44 BC) Julius Caesar murdered; Roman Republic brought to an end
  • (31 BC) Marc Antony defeated at Battle of Actium
  • (30 BC) Mark Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide in Egypt
  • (27 BC) Augustus became first Roman Emperor
AD 79 - 900
  • (AD 79) Pompeii and Herculaneum destroyed by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
  • (80) Coliseum hosted first games
  • (125) Pantheon rebuilt by Hadrian
  • (161-180) Marcus Aurelius reigned
  • (216) Baths at Caracalla completed
  • (270) Aurelian Wall built
  • (320) The first St. Peter's church built
  • (324) Constantine became ruler of Rome
  • (476) Odoacer sacks Rome; Roman Empire ends
  • (485) Atilla the Hun invaded Italy
  • (535) Byzantine Empire took over most of Italy
  • (564) Lombards invaded Italy
  • (774) Charlemagne defeated Lombards, subsequently conquered all of Italy
  • (800) Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • (878) Saracens took control of Sicily
  • (962) Otto the Great crowned Emperor
1000s - 1100s
  • (1084) Normans pillaged Rome
  • (1139) Naples incorporated into Sicily
  • (1155) Frederick Barbarossa crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • (1198) Frederick II named King of Sicily

1200s - 1300s

  • (1204) Constantinople pillaged
  • (1220) Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • (1271) Marco Polo left for China
  • (1281) Sicilian Vespers fought against French in Palermo, 2,000 French soldiers killed
  • (1296) Construction on the Duomo in Florence began
  • (1347-49) Black Death pandemic occurred; hundreds of thousands died
  • (1347) Cola di Rienzo tried to reestablish Roman Republic
  • (1354) Cola di Rienzo killed in Rome
1400s - 1500s
  • (1442) Naples captured by Alfonso of Aragon
  • (1458-64) War between Aragon and Anjou over Naples
  • (1494) Charles VIII of France invaded Italy
  • (1512) Michelangelo completed ceiling of Sistine Chapel
  • (1519) Charles I of Spain became Emperor Charles V of Holy Roman Empire
  • (1541) Michelangelo completed Last Judgment in Sistine Chapel
  • (1542) Inquisition established in Rome
1600s
  • (1600) Giordano Bruno burned to death by Roman Inquisition for heresy
  • (1626) St. Peter's in Rome consecrated
  • (1647) Fruit tax caused revolt in Naples
  • (1669) Island of Crete taken by Turks; Mount Etna erupts and lava flow destroyed over a dozen villages
  • (1693) Earthquake in Sicily killed over 60,000, destroyed 45 cities

About Italy

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Italy regions & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Abruzzo L'Aquila
Aosta Valley Aosta
Apulia Bari
Basilicata Potenza
Calabria Catanzaro
Campania Napoli
Emilia-Romagna Bologna
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Trieste
Lazio Rome
Liguria Genoa
Lombardy Milano
Marche Ancona
Molise Campobasso
Piedmont Turin
Sardinia Cagliari Sardinia
Sicily Palermo Sicily
Trentino-South Tyrol Trento
Tuscany Florence
Umbria Perugia
Veneto Venice

Countries of Europe

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.