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Italy Facts

  • Name: Italy
    (long form) Italian Republic
  • Capital City: Rome (2,754,440 pop.)
  • Italy Population: 61,482,297 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Euro
    (conversion rates)

    euro
    20 Euros
  • Ethnicity: Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
  • Holidays
  • GDP total: $1.98 trillion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $30,100 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Rome, Milan, Naples, Turin, Palermo, Genoa, Bologna, Florence, Bari, Catania
  • Name: The term Italia is from the Oscan language Víteliú, meaning "land of young cattle."
  • National Day: June 2, Republic Day

    Note: This is the anniversary of the 'Founding of the Republic.' in 1946.
  • Religion: Roman Catholic 90% (approximately; about one-third practicing), other 10% (includes mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community)
  • Symbols

Italy Photographs

jewish ghetto rome

A narrow street in the Jewish Ghetto, Rome

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Italy regions & their capitals

Region Capital Quick Reference
Abruzzo L'Aquila
Aosta Valley Aosta
Apulia Bari
Basilicata Potenza
Calabria Catanzaro
Campania Napoli
Emilia-Romagna Bologna
Friuli-Venezia Giulia Trieste
Lazio Rome
Liguria Genoa
Lombardy Milano
Marche Ancona
Molise Campobasso
Piedmont Turin
Sardinia Cagliari Sardinia
Sicily Palermo Sicily
Trentino-South Tyrol Trento
Tuscany Florence
Umbria Perugia
Veneto Venice

Countries of Europe

This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.