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TIMELINE

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Ireland timeline

BC - 900 AD
  • (300 BC) Groups of Celts reached Ireland
  • (150) Ptolemy drew map of Ireland
  • (367) Irish Picts and Saxons attacked Roman-controlled Britannia
  • (455) St. Patrick founded church at Armagh
  • (795) Vikings attacked Celtic coastal monasteries
  • (841) Vikings fleets wintered in Dublin
  • (967) Irish and powerful Vikings at war
1000s - 1400s
  • (1014) King Brian Boru defeated Viking army
  • (1142) Cistercian house established at Mellifont
  • (1172) Pope in Rome declared King Henry II of England had lordship over Ireland
  • (1224) Dominican order entered Ireland
  • (1260) Brian O'Neill killed at Battle of Down
  • (1297) First Irish Parliament met in Dublin
  • (1315) Scots attacked Ireland
  • (1348-1351) Black death killed a third of population
  • (1394) England's King Richard tried to regain control
  • (1487) Lambert Simnel crowned Edward VI in Dublin
1500s - 1600s
  • (1504) 8th Earl of Kildare declared master of Ireland after military victory at Knocktoe
  • (1539) Irish monasteries dissolved
  • (1541) Henry VIII of England declared King of Ireland
  • (1585) Ireland mapped and divided into counties
  • (1592) Trinity College of Dublin established
  • (1603) Treaty of Mellifont signed
  • (1649) Catholics rebelled over land rights. Oliver Cromwell, England's "Protestant" Lord Protector, led a punitive expedition into Ireland. The massacre was bloody, brutal and most destructive.
  • (1650) The few remaining Catholic landowners relocated to western Ireland
  • (1688) James II, deposed Catholic King of England, fled to Ireland and gathered an army
  • (1689) Siege of Derry
  • (1690) William of Orange defeated James II at the Battle of Boyne
1700s - 1800s
  • (1713) Jonathan Swift named Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral
  • (1731) Royal Dublin Society established
  • (1759) Arthur Guiness purchased brewery in Dublin
  • (1798) Wolfe Tones United Irishmen rebellion
  • (1800) By the Act of Union, Ireland became a part of Great Britain
  • (1817) Royal Canal completed
  • (1828) Catholic emancipation act passed
  • (1838) Whiskey production reduced
  • (1845-1849) Great Potato Famine caused great hardship, thousands of deaths, and forced mass-immigration to the United States
  • (1867) Thousands of Irish-Americans returned home to fight for Irish Republican Brotherhood
  • (1879-82) Land War for the reform of tenancy laws
  • (1892) Irish Home Rule bill defeated, again
1900s
  • (1904) Dublin's Abbey Theater opened
  • (1912) Titanic, built in Belfast, sunk
  • (1916 Nationalists staged Easter Rising, proclaimed an independent Irish Republic. All of their leaders were executed by the British.
  • (1919) Nationalists, led by Eamonn De Valera, established Dublin assembly. Guerrilla war began between British forces and the Irish Republican Army
  • (1920) British parliament passed the Government of Ireland Act establishing one parliament for the six counties of Northern Ireland, and another for the rest of Ireland.
  • (1921) Anglo-Irish Treaty signed. Northern Ireland partitioned off to remain part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org


1900s continued
  • (1922) The Dublin parliament accepted the Anglo-Irish Treaty despite Nationalist opposition. Subsequently civil war broke out and hundreds were killed
  • (1923) Irish Free State joined League of Nations
  • (1932) Eamonn De Valera headed the Irish Free State government
  • (1937) Voters approved a new constitution, abolished the Irish Free State, and proclaimed Ireland (Eire) as a sovereign, independent, democratic state, free from British control
  • (1938) Douglas Hyde elected president of Eire
  • (1949) On Easter Monday, Eire became Republic of Ireland, totally independent from Britain
  • (1956) IRA launched terrorism campaign
  • (1957) Republic of Ireland joined United Nations
  • (1959) De Valera elected president
  • (1963) John F. Kennedy was first American President to visit Ireland
  • (1972) Bloody Sunday, as British troops shot and killed 13 demonstrators
  • (1973) The Republic joined European Economic Community, (EU); Northern Ireland violence intensified
  • (1979) Pope John Paul II visited Ireland
  • (1987) IRA bomb exploded during Remembrance day parade
  • (1988) Dublin celebrated its millennium
  • (1990) Mary Robinson elected president
  • (1993) Downing Street Declaration signed
  • (1998) Good Friday Agreement on a political settlement for Northern Ireland approved by voters
2000s
  • (2002) Irish punt note replaced by Euro
  • (2002) Bertie Ahern elected prime minister
  • (2004) Ireland held EU presidency
  • (2005) IRA announced an end to armed campaign
  • (2006) Rioting took place in Dublin when protestors attacked 'Love Ulster' parade; Dublin airport evacuated twice in one week over bomb scares
  • (2007) Emergency workers rescued 110 children swept out to sea
  • (2008) Irish voters rejected EU treaty; Prime Minister Bernie Ahern resigned following allegations of receipt of secret payments
  • (2009) Rugby team won first Grand Slam victory in 61 years; Real IRA claimed responsibility for attack at Massareene army base, two soldiers killed; Irish voters approved EU referendum
  • (2010) Ash from eruptions of volcano beneath Eyjafjallajokull glacier in Iceland caused closure of airports; Irish debt crisis rocked financial markets; requested bail-out from EU and IMF
  • (2011) Leaders of Irish Republic's two major parliamentary parties agreed to form new coalition government