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Hungary History Timeline

100AD – 1000's

  • (100AD) Hungary was the Roman province of Pannonia, Pecs was capital
  • (896) Founding date of Hungary, under leadership of Arpad; Hungarian tribes settled in Carpathian Basin
  • (997-1038) King Stephen of Arpad dynasty ruled the country
  • (1000) King Stephen converted to Christianity
  • (1038) King Stephen died
  • (1096) Peter the Hermit's crusaders forced their way across Sava, Hungary; crusaders reached Sofia, Hungary
1100's – 1300's
  • (1102) Coats forced to enter into a union with Hungary, recognized the Hungarian king as their own
  • (1222) King Andrew II issued Golden Bull, a constitutional document which limited the king's power and enshrined rights of nobility
  • (1241-1242) Mongolian Tartars invasion caused devastation
  • (1301-1308) Dynasty of Arpad ended by the election of Charles I of Anjou
  • (1342-1382) During reign of Louis the Great, Dalmatia was annexed, Hungary's first university founded at Pecs
  • (1382) Louis I the Great, King of Hungary and Poland died, Mary, daughter of Louis I, became Queen of Hungary
  • (1386) Sigismund, son of Charles IV, became King of Hungary by marriage to Queen Mary of Hungary
1400's – 1800's
  • (1456) Forces led by Hungarian nobleman Janos Hunyadi, defeated Ottoman forces at Siege of Belgrade
  • (1458-1490) King Matthias reigned
  • (1526) Ottoman Turks defeated forces of Hungarian king at Battle of Mochacs, established control over most of the country
  • (1541) Hungary was divided into three parts, Turks ruled central Hungary, Habsburg dynasty governed west Hungary, Hungarians ruled south Hungary
  • (1699) Austrian Habsburgs under Leopold I expelled Turks
  • (1703-1711) Hungarian war, led by the Prince of Transylvania, against the Habsburgs failed
  • (1848-1849) Hungarian revolution and the Habsburgs emperor was dethroned, Habsburg rule was re-established with Russia's help
  • (1867) Hungary became autonomous partner in Austro-Hungarian Empire
1900's
  • (1914-1918) First world war; Hungary fought on losing side, monarchy collapsed
  • (1920) Trianon Treaty reduced Hungary's area by two-thirds, population by one third
  • (1938-1940) Germany concluded treaties in Munich and Vienna, southern Slovakia and northern Transylvania returned to Hungary
  • (1939) World War II started
  • (1941) Hungary declared war on Soviet Union; large part of Hungarian army destroyed; Hungary declared war on the United Kingdom and United States
  • (1944) Nazis occupied Hungary
  • (1945) Allies of World War II defeated Germany; Soviet Union liberated, then occupied Hungary
  • (1947-1948) Communists consolidated power; Hungary aligned itself more and more with the Soviet Union
  • (1949) New constitution made Hungary a workers' and peasants' state; industry nationalized; agriculture collectivized; surge of police terror launched
  • (1956) Hungarian revolution against Stalinism defeated
  • (1990) Soviet Union army left Hungary; Hungarian democracy set up
1900's continued
  • (1991) Soviet forces withdrew from Hungary; Warsaw Pact dissolved
  • (1997) Referendum endorsed joining NATO; European Union opened membership talks with Hungary
  • (1999) Hungary became full member of NATO
2000's
  • (2000) Ferenc Madl took office as president
  • (2002) EU summit formally invited Hungary to join in 2004
  • (2004) Hungary joined the EU; Peter Medgyessy resigned; Ferenc Gyurcsany became prime minister; parliament ratified EU constitution
  • (2005) Parliament chose opposition, backed Laszio Solyom next president
  • (2006) General elections returned power to Socialist-led coalition under Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsany; Prime Minister Gyurcsany admitted his government had lied during the election, violence erupted as protestors demanded his resignation
  • (2006) Gazprom in Russia cut gas supplies to Hungary by 25%
  • (2007) Over 500 people died in Hungary due to a heat wave in central and southeast Europe
  • (2007) Riot police used tear gas and water cannon to disperse far right protestors of 51st anniversary of 1956 uprising
  • (2008) Opposition sponsored referendum calling for abolition of new fees for health care and higher education defeated by government; Gyurcsany reshuffled cabinet after Alliance of Free Democrats quit the ruling of two parties; global financial crisis hit Hungary, the value of the forint plummeted; International Monetary Fund, the EU and World bank granted a rescue package worth $25bn
  • (2009) Hungary and Russia signed deal to build part of the South Stream pipeline across Hungarian territory; Budapest agreed to jointly build an underground gas storage facility in Hungary; Hungary turned into a major hub for Russian gas supplies; Ferenc Gyurcsany announced intentions to resign as prime minister; Economy Minister Gordon Bajnai took over as prime minister; far-right Jobbik party won three seats in European Parliament elections
  • (2010) Conservative opposition party member, Fidesz, won landslide victory in parliamentary election, gained two-thirds majority; Jobbik won a seat in the Hungarian parliament for the first time; law passed by parliament allowed ethnic Hungarians living abroad to apply for Hungarian citizenship; international lenders suspended review of Hungary's 2008 funding arrangement
  • (2010) Reservoir in western Hungary broke, flooded three villages with toxic red mud, four killed, 116 injured, several were missing

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.