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Greece History Timeline

1700s - 1800s

  • (1797) French began rule of Ionian Islands
  • (1821) Uprising occurred; Greece declared national independence
  • (1832) Bavarian prince Otto, named King of Greece
  • (1834) Athens became capital of Greece
1900s
  • (1911-14) Greece sided with Germany in Balkan Wars
  • (1912) Dodecanese Islands liberated from Turks; King Constantine defeated Turks in Macedonia
  • (1913) Crete and Aegean Islands became part of Greece
  • (1917) King Constantine abdicated first time
  • (1922) Greek forces defeated in Asia Minor; Greeks who lived on Turkish side of Aegean flooded into Greece; King Constantine abdicated second time
  • (1924) Greeks voted to abolish monarchy; country became republic; King George II exiled
  • (1927) Air service began between Athens and islands
  • (1935) Monarchy restored; King George returned
  • (1936) General Metaxas appointed prime minister by King; established dictatorship
  • (1940) Mussolini's forces attacked Greece
  • (1941) Metaxas died; Germany conquered Greece; famine killed over 100,000; King George fled to Egypt
  • (1944) Greek and British forces combined, forced Nazi withdrawal; Georgios Papandreou became prime minister; protest demonstration killed 28
  • (1946-49) Royalist party won elections; restored monarchy; civil war began
  • (1947) Dodacanese incorporated into Greek state
  • (1952) Greece declared a parliamentary democracy by new constitution; joined NATO
  • (1960) British rule of Cyprus ended; became Greek state
  • (1963) Grigorios Lambrakis, left-wing deputy, murdered in Thessaloniki
  • (1967) Group of army officers seized control; elections postponed; Col. George Papadopoulos became prime minister
  • (1973) Monarchy abolished; Greece declared republic
  • (1974) Turkish army invaded, occupied northern Cyprus
  • (1996) Greece and Turkey disputed Aegean Islet
  • (1999) Athens struck by earthquake, dozens killed, thousands homeless
2000s
  • (2000) British diplomat, Brigadier Stephen Saunders, shot in Athens by left-wing group
  • (2002) Euro replaced drachma; Greece and Turkey agreed to build gas pipeline through Turkey
  • (2003) Demonstrations took place in Athens during EU summit meetings; Greek coast guard seized ship loaded with explosives; Athens court found leader and hitman of Greek terrorist group guilty, sentenced to prison
  • (2004 - 2005) Wiretapping case, Greek Watergate) involved illegal tapping of more than 100 mobile phones of Greek government and top-ranking civil servants
  • (2004) Conservative New Democracy party won general election; bombs exploded outside Athens police station; Athens hosted summer Olympic Games
  • (2005) Trade unions held strikes; Parliament ratified EU constitution; airline jet crashed - killed 121 people
  • (2006) Public sector workers held strike; earthquake struck in southern Greece; Greek and Turkish fighter planes collided, crashed into Aegean; Greece won basketball FIBA World Championship
  • (2007) Fires in southern Greece destroyed dozens of villages, killed over 50; the fires were believed to have been deliberately set in advance of national elections
  • (2008) Wide-spread rioting, demonstrations took place in several cities due to shooting of 15-year old student, combined with economic problems and unemployment
  • (2009) Several thousand residents in north Athens forced to evacuate due to wildfires around the city
  • (2010) Journalist Sokratis Giolias was assassinated outside his home; general strike in Athens over planned austerity measures killed three
  • (2011) Explosives found in package at Greek Embassy in Rome

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.