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TIMELINE

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France timeline

6000 BC - 52 BC
  • (6500 BC) Neolithic period; farming began
  • (3000 BC) Bronze Age; walled citadels built
  • (1200 BC) Celts colonized by the Gauls
  • (58-52 BC) Gallo Roman civilization began when Julius Caesar conquered Gaul
100 AD - 900 AD
  • (177) Execution of first Christian martyrs
  • (275) First Barbarian raids
  • (360) Lutetia changed name to Paris
  • (406) Frank and Germanic tribes settled
  • (476) End of the Western Roman Empire
  • (600) Territory named France following the colonization of the Franks
  • (732) Battle of Poiters; Arab invasion
  • (768) Charlemagne rebuilt Roman Empire
  • (800) Charlamagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor
  • (987) Hughs Capet began the Capetian Dynasty
1000s - 1300s
  • (1066) Normans were victors over England
  • (1096) First Crusade
  • (1180-1223) Reign of Philip Augustus
  • (1226) Louis IX crowned King
  • (1270) Louis IX died
  • (1285) Philip the Fair crowned
  • (1297) Louis IX became Saint Louis
  • (1305) Papacy established in Avignon
  • (1346) Battle of Crecy
  • (1348-52) The Black Plague
  • (1356) French defeated at Battle of Poities
1400s - 1500s
  • (1415) Battle of Agin Court
  • (1419) Charles VI of France declared Henry V of England his heir
  • (1429) Charles VII crowned King
  • (1431) Joan of Arc burned at the stake
  • (1453) End of 100 Years War
  • (1477) Duke of Burgundy's final defeat
  • (1494) France and Austria began the Italian wars
  • (1515) Reign of Francois I began
  • (1519) Leonardo da Vinci died
  • (1539) French became the official language
  • (1559) Cateau-Cambresis Treaty ended Italian wars
  • (1562) Catholics and Protestants religous wars
  • (1589) Henry IV was first Bourbon King of France
  • (1593) Henry IV turned Catholic; religious wars ended
1600s - 1800s
  • (1610-1715) Reign of Louis XIII followed by absolute monarchy of Louis XIV
  • (1720) Last outbreak of plague in France
  • (1756-63) Seven Years War; France lost all colonial possessions and Canada
  • (1778-83) France assisted the 13 colonies in the American War of Independence
  • (1789) French Revolution ended rule of monarchy
  • (1792) Louis XVI overthrown, First Republic created
  • (1804) Napoleon crowned Emperor of France
  • (1815) Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo; monarchy reestablished
  • (1830) The French Revolution (or July Revolution) middle class revolt, King Charles X forced out.
  • (1832) Cholera epidemics
  • (1848) Founding of Second Republic
  • (1851) Coup d'etat instigated by Louis Napoleon
  • (1852) Louis Napoleon III crowned Emperor
  • (1870-71) Alsace-Lorraine regions lost to Germany; Napoleon III overthrown
  • (1875) Third Republic began
  • (1889) Eiffel tower built
Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org


1900s
  • (1905) Church and State began operating separately
  • (1914-18) World War I raged; massive casualties in northeast France
  • (1919) Peace Treaty of Versailles, France regained Alsace-Lorraine, Germany agreed to reparations
  • (1929-39) The Great Depression
  • (1939-45) World War II; much of France was occupied by Germany. Allied forces landed at Normandy; France and much of Europe was liberated
  • (1946-58) Fourth Republic formed; the European Reconstruction period
  • (1954) Algerian War of Independence began
  • (1956) French colonial rule ended in North Africa
  • (1958) President de Gaulle began Fifth Republic
  • (1962) End of Algerian war
  • (1968) Massive student revolts; national strike
  • (1969) Georges Pompidou elected President
  • (1969) Charles de Gaulle died
  • (1974) Giscard d'Estaing elected President of the Republic
  • (1981) Socialist Candidate Francois Mitterrand became President of the French Republic
  • (1986) Jacques Chirac appointed Prime Minister
  • (1988) Francois Mitterand re-elected President of the Republic
  • (1991) Edith Cresson became first woman Prime Minister
  • (1992) The French ratified Maastricht Treaty; the European Union (or EU) formed, the euro was created
  • (1995) Jacques Chirac elected President of the Republic; Alain Juppe the Prime Minister; France conducted nuclear tests in Pacific Ocean
  • (1997) Lionel Jospin named Prime Minister. Amsterdam Treaty signed. Britain's Princess Diana died in automobile accident in tunnel along Seine River
2000s
  • (2002) Euro officially replaced French Franc; Jacques Chirac re-elected
  • (2002) November strike paralyzed country
  • (2003) Severe heat wave; record high temperatures with over 11,000 dead, mostly the elderly
  • (2005) Immigrant population staged violent urban riots across the country
  • (2006) France finished second in FIFA World Cup
  • (2007) Nicholas Sarkozy won presidential election
  • (2009) French warship, Nivose, captured pirates off coast of Kenya
  • (2010) Former Panamanian dictator, Manuel Noriega, extradited to France.
  • (2010) French unions staged strikes and demonstrations to protest government's pension plan reforms; over 1.2 million people involved
  • (2011) Face veil ban came into force