Denmark

Denmark Timeline

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500s - 900s
  • (500) First Danes arrived from Sweden
  • (690) English missionaries entered Denmark
  • (700) King Ongendus ruled Denmark
  • (800) King Godfred and forces attacked the Franks
  • (810) King Godfred was murdered
  • (826) Harald Klak converted Denmark to Christianity
  • (827) Horik I, son of Godfred, ruled Denmark
  • (831) Viking forces invaded Ireland
  • (832-842) Viking raids continued in western Europe
  • (865) Danes invaded East Anglia
  • (874) Iceland settled by Vikings
  • (885) Vikings raided Paris, France
  • (911) Viking leader, Rollo, declared Duke of Normandy by the French king
  • (910) Harald I (Bluetooth) son of Gorm the Old conquered all of Denmark
1000s - 1200s
  • (1013) Svend Forkbeard (Svend I) conquered England
  • (1016) King Canute defeated the English
  • (1028) King Canute declared ruler of Denmark, England and Norway
  • (1035) King Canute died
  • (1060) Svend II formed Danish church
  • (1157) Valdemar I crowned King of Denmark
  • (1169) King Canute VI conquered Arkona
  • (1219) Valdemar II conquered Estonia
  • (1241) Valdemar II died, kingdom dissolved
1300s - 1500s
  • (1340) Valdemar IV crowned King of Denmark
  • (1350) Plague ravished Denmark and Sweden
  • (1361) Hanseatic league forces defeated Valdemar IV
  • (1375) Valdemar IV died, Oluf assumed throne
  • (1388) Margrete crowned Queen of Denmark and Norway, and later Sweden
  • (1397) The Union of Kalmar united Denmark, Sweden and Norway
  • (1445) Copenhagen declared capital city
  • (1521) Danish King Christian II deposed
  • (1536) King Christian III ruled Denmark
  • (1536) Denmark adopted Lutheranism as state religion
  • (1563) Denmark and Sweden seven-year war began

1600s - 1800s

  • (1611) Sweden defeated Denmark in Kalmar War
  • (1626) Danish army defeated in Thirty Years' War
  • (1642) Sweden invaded, Denmark lost land
  • (1657) Frederick III declared war on Sweden, Danish army crushed
  • (1699) Frederik IV crowned King of Denmark
  • (1729) Greenland became Danish province
  • (1807) Britain attacked, stole Danish fleet
  • (1814) Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden
  • (1849) Denmark became a constitutional monarchy

1900s

  • (1914) Declared neutrality during World War I
  • (1930's) Welfare state established
  • (1940) Germany invaded Denmark
  • (1943) Danish Jews escaped to Sweden
  • (1945) Germany surrendered, Iceland gained its independence from Denmark
  • (1948) Faeroe Islands granted self-government
  • (1949) Denmark joined NATO
  • (1952) Denmark formed Nordic Council
  • (1972) King Frederick IX died, his daughter, Margrethe II, crowned queen
  • (1973) Denmark joined the EU
  • (1979) Greenland granted home rule
  • (1982) Poul Schlueter elected Prime Minister
  • (1985) Nuclear power plants approved
  • (1992) Danish voters rejected Maastricht Treaty
  • (1993) Schlueter resigned during scandal, Poul Nyrup Rasmussen appointed Prime Minister
  • (1993) Denmark approved Maastricht - with options
  • (1994) Rasmussen elected Prime Minister
  • (1998) Rasmussen re-elected Prime Minister
2000s
  • (2000) Danes rejected EURO as their currency
  • (2000) Oresund Bridge opened
  • (2001) Anders Fogh Rasmussen elected Prime Minister
  • (2005) Anders Fogh Rasmussen re-elected
  • (2006) Prophet Muhammad cartoons published by Danish newspaper; international Muslim outrage follows
  • (2007) Tour de France leader, Michael Rasmussen, pulled off team due to failed drugs testing
  • (2008) Suicide car bomber targeted Danish Embassy in Pakistan, killed six, wounded 18
  • (2008) Greenland voted to loosen ties with Denmark
  • (2009) Greenland assumed self-rule
  • (2010) Noma Restaurant in Copenhagen named best restaurant in world in "World's 50 Best Restaurants" list
  • (2010) Five suspected Islamist militants arrested for planning gun attack at Copenhagen newspaper offices that printed 2005 cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad

    Denmark Photographs

    Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org