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TIMELINE

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Denmark timeline

500s - 900s
  • (500) First Danes arrived from Sweden
  • (690) English missionaries entered Denmark
  • (700) King Ongendus ruled Denmark
  • (800) King Godfred and forces attacked the Franks
  • (810) King Godfred was murdered
  • (826) Harald Klak converted Denmark to Christianity
  • (827) Horik I, son of Godfred, ruled Denmark
  • (831) Viking forces invaded Ireland
  • (832-842) Viking raids continued in western Europe
  • (865) Danes invaded East Anglia
  • (874) Iceland settled by Vikings
  • (885) Vikings raided Paris, France
  • (911) Viking leader, Rollo, declared Duke of Normandy by the French king
  • (910) Harald I (Bluetooth) son of Gorm the Old conquered all of Denmark
1000s - 1200s
  • (1013) Svend Forkbeard (Svend I) conquered England
  • (1016) King Canute defeated the English
  • (1028) King Canute declared ruler of Denmark, England and Norway
  • (1035) King Canute died
  • (1060) Svend II formed Danish church
  • (1157) Valdemar I crowned King of Denmark
  • (1169) King Canute VI conquered Arkona
  • (1219) Valdemar II conquered Estonia
  • (1241) Valdemar II died, kingdom dissolved
1300s - 1500s
  • (1340) Valdemar IV crowned King of Denmark
  • (1350) Plague ravished Denmark and Sweden
  • (1361) Hanseatic league forces defeated Valdemar IV
  • (1375) Valdemar IV died, Oluf assumed throne
  • (1388) Margrete crowned Queen of Denmark and Norway, and later Sweden
  • (1397) The Union of Kalmar united Denmark, Sweden and Norway
  • (1445) Copenhagen declared capital city
  • (1521) Danish King Christian II deposed
  • (1536) King Christian III ruled Denmark
  • (1536) Denmark adopted Lutheranism as state religion
  • (1563) Denmark and Sweden seven-year war began
1600s - 1800s
  • (1611) Sweden defeated Denmark in Kalmar War
  • (1626) Danish army defeated in Thirty Years' War
  • (1642) Sweden invaded, Denmark lost land
  • (1657) Frederick III declared war on Sweden, Danish army crushed
  • (1699) Frederik IV crowned King of Denmark
  • (1729) Greenland became Danish province
  • (1807) Britain attacked, stole Danish fleet
  • (1814) Denmark ceded Norway to Sweden
  • (1849) Denmark became a constitutional monarchy

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org


1900s
  • (1914) Declared neutrality during World War I
  • (1930's) Welfare state established
  • (1940) Germany invaded Denmark
  • (1943) Danish Jews escaped to Sweden
  • (1945) Germany surrendered, Iceland gained its independence from Denmark
  • (1948) Faeroe Islands granted self-government
  • (1949) Denmark joined NATO
  • (1952) Denmark formed Nordic Council
  • (1972) King Frederick IX died, his daughter, Margrethe II, crowned queen
  • (1973) Denmark joined the EU
  • (1979) Greenland granted home rule
  • (1982) Poul Schlueter elected Prime Minister
  • (1985) Nuclear power plants approved
  • (1992) Danish voters rejected Maastricht Treaty
  • (1993) Schlueter resigned during scandal, Poul Nyrup Rasmussen appointed Prime Minister
  • (1993) Denmark approved Maastricht - with options
  • (1994) Rasmussen elected Prime Minister
  • (1998) Rasmussen re-elected Prime Minister
2000s
  • (2000) Danes rejected EURO as their currency
  • (2000) Oresund Bridge opened
  • (2001) Anders Fogh Rasmussen elected Prime Minister
  • (2005) Anders Fogh Rasmussen re-elected
  • (2006) Prophet Muhammad cartoons published by Danish newspaper; international Muslim outrage follows
  • (2007) Tour de France leader, Michael Rasmussen, pulled off team due to failed drugs testing
  • (2008) Suicide car bomber targeted Danish Embassy in Pakistan, killed six, wounded 18
  • (2008) Greenland voted to loosen ties with Denmark
  • (2009) Greenland assumed self-rule
  • (2010) Noma Restaurant in Copenhagen named best restaurant in world in "World's 50 Best Restaurants" list
  • (2010) Five suspected Islamist militants arrested for planning gun attack at Copenhagen newspaper offices that printed 2005 cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad