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Asia History Timeline

Asia Timeline:

BC

  • (12000 BC - 6000 BC) Permanent settlements form across Asia and the Middle East
  • (5000 BC) Wheel and plow invented
  • (2200 BC) Xia dynasty formed in China
  • (1867 BC) Babylon founded by Amorite dynasty
  • (1200-1050 BC) Collapse of the Bronze Age
  • (1000 BC) First irrigation systems constructed
  • (600 BC) Babylon conquered; Cyrus the Great creates the Persian Empire
  • (334 BC) Army of Alexander the Great crosses through Central Asia
  • (200 BC) The Silk Road trade routes established
  • (100 BC) The Yayoi migrate to Japan, import rice and iron, as well as a new language and religion
  • (100 BC) Buddhism introduced

50 AD - 1200's

  • (50 AD) Christianity emerges
  • (320 - 467) Gupta Empire reigns across India
  • (634) Series of Muslim conquests begins; Arab empire founded
  • (759 - 1258) Baghdad becomes capital of Arab-Islamic empire; Middle East sees period of success
  • (800) Varingian Rus arrive in present day Russia
  • (1147) Moscow founded in Russia
  • (1206 - 1368) Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empire overpowers much of Asia
  • (1299) The Ottoman Empire rises above the weakened Byzantine Empire

1300's - 1800's

  • (1368) Great Wall of China reconstructed as a more elaborate structure
  • (1370 - 1405) Timur conquers West, South and Central Asia
  • (1421) Forbidden City constructed in Beijing
  • (1467) Civil war erupts in Japan; country split amongst feudal lords
  • (1526) Mughal Empire founded
  • (1556) Earthquake in Shaanxi, China kills approximately 830,000
  • (1592) Japan invades Korea
  • (1573) Mongolia begins conversion to Buddhism
  • (1600) Chinese Empire becomes largest in the world
  • (1601) Famine in Russia kills 2 million
  • (1652-1689) Russian–Manchu border conflicts
  • (1689) Russia and China sign border treaty
  • (1757) East India Company rules much of India
  • (1801) China's population reaches 295 million
  • (1842) Britain seizes Shanghai
  • (1877) More than 9 million parish due to famine in colonial India

1900's

  • (1901) Oil discovered in Iran
  • (1904) Russo-Japanese War
  • (1904) British troops occupy Tibet
  • (1912) China adopts Gregorian calendar
  • (1914) World War I begins
  • (1917) Russian Revolution; Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated
  • (1920) Gandhi leads first movement
  • (1922) Soviet Union formed; 15 republics united
  • (1924) Joseph Stalin succeeds Lenin in commanding the Soviet Union
  • (1939) World War II begins
  • (1953) 1.2 million prisoners released after the death of Stalin
  • (1957) Soviet Union launches first artificial satellite, Sputnik 1, into space
  • (1959) Tibetan uprising against Chinese occupation
  • (1961) Soviet Union builds wall dividing East and West Berlin

1900's continued

  • (1962) Sino-Indian War against China and India over disputed border
  • (1978) Japan and China sign peace treaty
  • (1980) China's population reaches 1 billion
  • (1991) Central Asian states declare independence; Soviet Union dissolves
  • (1991) The Gulf War begins in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait
  • (1992 - 1997) Tajikistan Civil War
  • (1993) Oslo I agreement signed setting up Israeli-Palestinian Peace settlement
  • (1994) Kim Jong-il assumes control of North Korea
  • (1996) China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan form Shanghai Cooperation Organization

2000's

  • (2003) Yang Liwei becomes first man in space as part of the Chinese space program
  • (2003) SARS outbreak hits south China
  • (2003) The US, United Kingdom, Australia and Poland invade Iraq; Sadam Hussein removed from power
  • (2004) An undersea earthquake shakes the Indian Ocean causing a devastating tsunami to hit Indonesia, as well as Sri Lanka, India and Thailand
  • (2008) Olympics held in Beijing, China
  • (2010) Arab Spring brings major protests, uprisings and revolutions to several Middle Eastern countries
  • (2010) Thousand evacuated after Mount Merapi volcano erupts in Indonesia
  • (2011) 9.0 magnitude earthquake hits off the coast of Tohoku, Japan, spawns powerful tsunami waves
  • (2011) Kim Jong-il dies, son named new leader of North Korea
  • (2011-2012) Syrian uprising; thousands of citizens protest for the overthrow of the government; widespread marches, hunger strikes, rioting, and vandalism

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This page was last modified on September 19, 2016.