Thailand at the turn of the 20th century saw a drastic change in their political system, armed forces, schools, and economy. A bloodless revolution in 1932 ended the absolute monarchy and led to a constitutional monarchy.
After a military attack by Japan in 1941, Thailand aligned with Japan and passively declared war on Britain and the United States. At the end of World War II, following Japan's defeat, Thailand subsequently became a U.S. ally.
Thailand is currently facing armed violence in its three Muslim-majority southernmost provinces, but the country works hard with Malaysia to control the situation and the proliferation of terrorism.
Thaksin Shinawatra became head of a provisional government on September 19, 2006, after the parliament was completely dissolved. However, a bloodless coup d'etat was launched some weeks later, as Thaksin went off to New York City for a UN meeting, and by December 2007 a civilian government led by the People's Power Party was restored.
Thailand's incredible natural beauty, the ruins and relics of its ancient history, and countless attractions, including Phuket Island and the miles and miles of perfect beaches, have transformed this exotic country into one of the most popular tourist destinations in all of Asia.