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As World War II raged on through the early 1940s, Singapore suffered daily air raids, and, despite their best efforts, the British
troops eventually surrendered the island to Japan
, making it the largest surrender in British
-led forces history.
Harsh measures were imposed during Japan's
occupation, and after the wars end Singapore fell into a brief period of unrest.
returned to Singapore in 1945, however, due to their failure to defend the country, their reputation as acceptable leaders in the eyes of the people was greatly destroyed.
The Straits Settlements dissolved in 1946, and Singapore moved forward in establishing a new government.
Briefly, in 1963 Singapore and the states of Sabah and Sarawak joined the Peninsular Malaysia Federation; however, Singapore left in 1965 to become a separate nation.
Following their independence, Singapore set out to establish itself as a more modern region, and within a couple of decades grew into one of the world's most prosperous nations.
This modern economic powerhouse's seaport is one of the busiest in the world; in addition, Singapore has become a major worldwide banking, ship building and petroleum center.
Within the last few decades, this melting pot of cultures has moved on to the "A List" for international travelers, and is today one of the most sophisticated tourist destinations on the planet.
A bridge and causeway connect Singapore to the Malaysia mainland, and speaking of land, because of the aggressive current patterns of the Strait of Singapore, there are much-needed and on-going land reclamation projects.