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Russia

Cohorts of Ivan IV executed a series of bloody battles, and, coupled with additional epidemics and poor harvests plaguing the country, Russia became severely weakened in the late 1500s.

Following the death of Ivan IV, troubled times prevailed across Russia, as extremely cold summers led to a famine and civil wars broke out across the country. Further adding to their misfortune, on September 21, 1610 Poland invaded Moscow, savagely repressing riots, and setting the city on fire.

Romanov Influence

A volunteer army, led by Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky, pushed out the Polish forces in 1612, and the following year Michael Romanov was elected to the throne (thus beginning the 300 year control of the Romanov family).

Czar Peter I brought autocracy into Russia, and really began the transformation of the Russian Empire. After the reign of Queen Catherine II, it emerged as an influential and powerful European force.

Under Catherine the Great, Russia's political control was extended to cover the Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth, and a war was waged that completely decayed the Ottoman Empire, thus advancing Russia's southern boundary to the Black Sea.

In the early 19th century, Nicholas I succeeded the throne, only to be confronted by an uprising; conflicting views from Peter the Great's order of action to westernize Russia garnered widely varied opinions on whether to imitate Europe or return to the traditions of the past.

Despite the civil dispute, Russia was ultimately pressured into the involvement of European affairs as part of the "Holy Alliance."

After the death of Tsar Nicholas, Russia became involved in a series of wars, including the Crimean War (1853) and the Russo-Turkish War (1877).

In the midst of the Industrial Revolution, one that significantly influenced the country, Nicholas II gained control of Russia, and opposition forces began to organize into competing parties.

As World War I reared its ugly head in the early 20th century, Russia, bound by treaty, entered the war at the defense of Serbia. The impact of the war crippled Russia, as food and fuel grew short in supply, casualties amassed, and inflation grew steadily.

Russia Photographs

blood cathedral

Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood

hermitage chandelier

Hermitage Chandelier

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Russia republics, administrative territories, administrative regions, autonomous districts, 0, autonomous cities & their capitals

Region Capital
Adygea Maykop
Altai Gorno-Altaysk
Altai Krai Barnaul
Amur Oblast Blagoveshchensk
Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangel'sk
Astrakhan Oblast Astrakhan'
Bashkortostan Ufa
Belgorod Oblast Belgorod
Bryansk Oblast Bryansk
Buryatiya Ulan-Ude
Chechnya Groznyy
Chelyabinsk Oblast Chelyabinsk
Chukotka Autonomous Okrug Anadyr
Chuvashia Cheboksary
Dagestan Makhachkala
Ingushetia Magas
Irkutsk Oblast Irkutsk
Ivanovo Oblast Ivanovo
Jewish Autonomous Oblast Birobidzhan
Kabardino-Balkaria Nal'chik
Kaliningrad Oblast Kaliningrad
Kalmykia Elista
Kaluga Oblast Kaluga
Kamchatka Krai Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky
Karachay-Cherkessia Cherkessk
Karelia Petrozavodsk
Kemerovo Oblast Kemerovo
Khabarovsk Krai Khabarovsk
Khakassia Abakan
Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Khanty-Mansiysk
Kirov oblast Kirov
Komi Syktyvkar
Kostroma Oblast Kostroma
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk Krai Krasnodar
Kurgan Oblast Kurgan
Kursk Oblast Kursk
Leningrad Oblast Saint Petersburg
Lipetsk Oblast Lipetsk
Magadan Oblast Magadan
Mari El Yoshkar-Ola
Mordovia Saransk
Moscow Moscow
Moscow Oblast Vostochnoe Degunino
Murmansk Oblast Murmansk
Nenets Autonomous Okrug Nar'yan-Mar
Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Nizhniy Novgorod
North Ossetia-Alania Vladikavkaz
Novgorod Oblast Velikiy Novgorod
Novosibirsk Oblast Novosibirsk
Omsk Oblast Omsk
Orenburg Oblast Orenburg
Oryol Oblast Orel
Penza Oblast Penza
Perm Krai Perm
Primorsky Krai Vladivostok
Pskov Oblast Pskov
Rostov Oblast Rostov-na-Donu
Ryazan Oblast Ryazan'
Saint Petersburg Saint Petersburg
Sakha Yakutsk
Sakhalin Oblast Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Samara Oblast Samara
Saratov Oblast Saratov
Smolensk Oblast Smolensk
Stavropol Krai Stavropol'
Sverdlovsk Oblast Yekaterinburg
Tambov Oblast Tambov
Tatarstan Kazan
Tomsk Oblast Tomsk
Tula Oblast Tula
Tuva Kyzyl
Tver Oblast Tver
Tyumen Oblast Tyumen
Udmurtia Izhevsk
Ulyanovsk Oblast Ulyanovsk
Vladimir Oblast Vladimir
Volgograd Oblast Volgograd
Vologda Oblast Vologda
Voronezh Oblast Voronezh
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard
Yaroslavl Oblast Yaroslavl
Zabaykalsky Krai Chita

Countries of Asia

This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.