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Nepal History Timeline

1900s continued
  • (1986) Nepali Congress Party (NCP) boycotted elections
  • (1988) Earthquake on border of Nepal and India killed over 1,000
  • (1989) Disputes with India regarding trade and transit led to border blockade by Delhi, resulted in worsened economic situation
  • (1990) Street protests coordinated by Nepali Congress Party (NCP) and leftist groups resulted in deaths and mass arrests by security forces
  • (1990) King Birenda agreed to new democratic constitution
  • (1991) Nepali Congress Party (NCP) won first democratic elections; Girija Prasad Koirala became prime minister
  • (1994) Communist government formed in new elections after Koirala's government was defeated in a no-confidence motion
  • (1995) Communist government dissolved
  • (1995 - 2005) Maoist revolt killed thousands
  • (1997) Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba lost in no-confidence vote
  • (1999) Maoists took control of much of the country; tourism declined, hotels closed, many Nepalese left for India
2000s
  • (2000) Girija Prasad Koirala returned as prime minister (headed ninth government in 10 years)
  • (2001) King Birendra, Queen Aishwarya, other close relatives killed in shooting spree by drunken Crown Prince Dipendra, who committed suicide
  • (2001) Prince Gyanendra appointed as king
  • (2001) Maoist rebels increased violence
  • (2001) Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala resigned due to violence, Sher Banadur Deuba became prime minister
  • (2001) Four-month truce between Maoists and government ended
  • (2001) Maoists launched attacks on army and police posts
  • (2001) More than 100 people were killed in four days of violence; state of emergency declared
  • (2001) King Gyanendra sent army in to crush Maoist rebels, hundreds killed
  • (2002) Parliament dissolved, new elections called due to political differences over extending the state of emergency, Prime Minster Deuba headed interim government
  • (2002) Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba renewed state of emergency
  • (2002) King Gyanendra dismissed Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba, appointed Lokendra Bahadur Chand as prime minister, postponed elections
  • (2003) Maoist rebels and government declared ceasefire
  • (2003) Prime Minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand resigned, King appointed Surya Bahadur Thapa as new prime minister
  • (2003) After seven-month truce, Maoist rebels ended peace talks with government, violence and clashes with police returned
  • (2004) Nepal joined World Trade Organization (WTO)
  • (2004) Opposition groups held street protests, demanded return to democracy
  • (2004) Prime Minister Surya Bahadur Thapa resigned, King reappointed Sher Bahadur Deuba as prime minister
  • (2005) King Gyanendra took direct control, dismissed Prime Minister Deuba and government, declared state of emergency and assumed direct control
  • (2005) Maoist rebels and opposition parties agreed on plan to restore democracy
  • (2006) After weeks of protests and strikes against direct royal control of government, King Gyanendra reinstated parliament
  • (2006) Three-month ceasefire called by Maoist rebels
  • (2006) Parliament voted unanimously to curtail king's powers
  • (2006) Girija Prasad Koirala appointed prime minister
  • (2006) Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed by government and Maoist rebels, declared end to 10-year insurgency
  • (2007) Temporary constitution allowed Maoist leaders to enter Parliament
  • (2007) Maoists joined interim government
  • (2007) Three bombs struck Kathmandu
  • (2007) Maoists quit interim government, demanded end of monarchy
  • (2007) Maoists agreed to rejoin government after Parliament approved abolition of the monarchy
  • (2008) Bomb blasts killed, injured dozens in Terai plains

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.