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Mongolia History Timeline

1900s Continued
  • (1939) Former Prime Minister Amar, tried and shot in Soviet Union for spying for Japan
  • (1941) Mongol United Autonomous Government renamed Mongolian Autonomous Federation (Mengjiang)
  • (1945) The Republic of China requested Soviet help in the war against Japan
  • (1945) Independence of Outer Mongolia recognized in Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance
  • (1945) Mongolia declared war on Japan
  • (1945) Mongolians voted for independence in referendum
  • (1945 - 1946) Soviet control in Mongolia was preserved at Yalta Conference
  • (1949) Diplomatic relations established with newly-formed People's Republic of China
  • (1952) Republic of China government-in-exile renounced Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance
  • (1952) Prime Minister Choybalsan died, Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal became prime minister
  • (1952) Republic of China blocked Mongolia's entry to United Nations
  • (1961) Mongolian People's Republic became member of United Nations
  • (1962) Mongolia became member of Comecon (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance)
  • (1962) Mongolian People's Party (Communist Party) sided with Soviet Union in a falling-out with China
  • (1963) Diplomatic relations established between Mongolia and United Kingdom
  • (1969) Due to threats of Chinese aggression, Soviet Union stationed a large army in Mongolian territory
  • (1973 - 1981) Mongolia accused China of a plan of annexation, protested against China's call for withdrawal of Soviet troops, expelled Chinese residents
  • (1981) Zhugderdemidiyn Gurragcha became first Mongolian in space
  • (1984) Prime Minister Tsedenbal was forced out of office by Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP)
  • (1986) Mongolia established diplomatic relations with China
  • (1987) Mongolia established diplomatic relations with United States
  • (1989) Reform demonstrations took place; Mongolian Democratic Association was organized
  • (1990) Constitution amended to provide for multi-party system and new elections
  • (1990) First democratic elections held for Great Hural (Parliament), Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party won
  • (1990) Elbegdorj Tsakhia elected first democratic prime minister of Mongolia
  • (1991) Government began elimination of price controls, cost of living soared
  • (1991) Half the national treasury ($82 million) was gambled away by foreign exchange traders
  • (1992) New constitution went into effect, new election law passed
  • (1993) Opposition candidate Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat, former MPRP member, won first direct presidential election
  • (1996) First non-Communist government elected
  • (1997) MPRP candidate, Natsagiin Bagabandi, won presidential election
  • (1998) Mongolia changed work week from 46 hours to 40 hours
  • (1998) Government fell, Cabinet and Prime Minister continued as caretakers
2000s
  • (2000) Winter blizzards killed over one million head of livestock, over 300,000 people were short of food
  • (2000) MPRP party won election, new government formed by Prime Minister Nambaryn Enkhbayar
  • (2001) Natsagiin Bagabandi re-elected president
  • (2001) International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved nearly $40 million in loans over three years to help tackle poverty and stimulate economy
  • (2003) Mongolian troops took part in peace-keeping operations in Afghanistan, Iraq and Sudan
  • (2003) Locust plague affected 47 million acres of grassland
  • (2004) All but $300 million in debt was written off by Russia
  • (2004) Parliamentary elections resulted in political deadlock over contested results

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.