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Kyrgyzstan History Timeline

1000BC - 1800s AD
  • (1000 BC) City of Bishkek was founded
  • (138) Chinese General Chang Chien founded Silk Road, Kyrgyzstan cities Osh, Uzgen, Jul were important commerce centers due to the location in the center of the route
  • (300) Huns took control of Kyrgyzstan
  • (700s) Arab invaders conquered central Asia, included what is now Kyrgyzstan, introduced Islam
  • (744) Tang dynasty controlled northern Kyrgyzstan
  • (751) Chinese and Muslim armies engaged in battle, Chinese army was defeated
  • (900) Nomadic Kyrgyz people migrated to present-day Kyrgyzstan from the Yenisey River in Siberia
  • (1219) Genghis Khan began to conquer central Asia after attacks on Mongols
  • (1685) Kyrgyz people settled area that is now Kyrgyzstan; Mongol people, the Oirats, conquered area
  • (1758) Oirats defeated by Chinese Manchus; Kyrgyz became nominal subjects of Chinese empire
  • (1800s) Kyrgyz became under jurisdiction of the Uzbek khanate of Kokand
  • (1876) Khanate of Kokand conquered by Russian forces; Kyrgyzstan incorporated into Russian Empire
1900s
  • (1916-17) A revolt by the Kyrgyzstan people against Russian settlers was unsuccessful
  • (1920s – 1930s) Kyrgyz Communist Party was established as sole legal party
  • (1920s – 1930s) Large state-owned farms were created with the Soviet land reforms
  • (1921) Kyrgyzstan became part of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
  • (1924) Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian SFSR
  • (1925) Kara-Kyrgyz renamed Kirgiz Autonomous Region
  • (1926) Kirgiz Autonomous Region upgraded to ASSR (Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic)
  • (1936) Kirgiz Soviet Socialist Republic became a constituent republic within the USSR
  • (1944) Soviet government deported nearly the entire Balkar population to Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Omsk Oblast in Siberia
  • (1990) Several hundred people were killed in inter-ethnic clashes between Uzbeks and Kyrgyz causing a state of emergency to be imposed
  • (1990) Askar Akayev was elected to new post of president by the legislature
  • (1991) Kyrgyz and Uzbekistan proclaimed their independence from the Soviet Union
  • (1991) Kyrgyz officially changed name to Kyrgyzstan
  • (1991) Askar Akayev won another term in elections
  • (1991) Kyrgyzstan joined the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • (1992) Kyrgyzstan joined United Nations and Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe
  • (1992) Economic reform program launched
  • (1993) Russian ruble replaced by som as currency
  • (1994) Kyrgyzstan joined NATO partnership for peace
  • (1994) Kyrgyzstan eased language, citizenship restrictions, slowed emigration of Russian
  • (1995) President Akayev re-elected
  • (1995) Kyrgyzstan signed ten-year partnership and cooperation agreement with EU
  • (1996) Passage of referendum put more power in president's hands, limited legislature's power
  • (1996) President Akayev ordered computers for every high school in Kyrgyzstan
  • (1997) Prime Minister Dzhumagulov resigned due to age, said new forces were needed for reform
  • (1998) Moratorium on death penalty announced
  • (1998) Decision by Constitutional Court allowed Askar Akayev to run for third presidential term
  • (1998) Zhumabek Ibraimov was appointed prime minister
  • (1999) Troops were sent to Tajik border to free hostages seized by Islamic militants
  • (1999) Prime Minister Ibraimov died following surgery in Russia
  • (1999) Militants from Tajikistan crossed into Kyrgyzstan, took hostages, claimed control of several villages
  • (1999) Islamic militants near villages of Sai and Syrt in mountainous Osh region bombed by Kyrgyz jets, 30 rebels were killed
2000s
  • (2000) Four-day clash between government troops and Islamic militants left at least 95 people dead
  • (2000) Askar Akayev re-elected president
  • (2001) Kyrgyzstan permitted U.S. troops and seven other nations to be stationed in the country in support of the fight against Taliban and al-Qaeda
  • (2002) U.S. airbase constructed outside Bishkek
  • (2002) Government of Prime Minister Kurmanbek Bakiyev resigned following the blaming of senior officials for deaths of five civilian protesters
  • (2002) Nikolai Tanayev appointed new prime minister
  • (2002) Protesters marched on capital, demanded resignation of president, hundreds arrested
  • (2003) Controversial referendum expanded President Akayev's powers
  • (2003) Russia Air Base opened at Kant near base used by U.S. forces
  • (2005) Violent protests which erupted over flawed parliamentary elections spread to capital
  • (2005) President Akayev fled to Russia, where he announced resignation
  • (2005) Kurmanbek Bakiyev appointed acting president by Parliament
  • (2005) Kurmanbek Bakiyev won presidential election
  • (2005) Felix Kulov nominated as prime minister
  • (2005) Kurmanbek Bakiyev won presidential election
  • (2005) UN evacuated more than 400 Uzbekistan refugees to Romania to help them avoid prosecution at home

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.