The Indonesian flag was officially adopted on August 17, 1945.
The flag is modeled after the 13th century banner of the Indonesian Empire; the red stripe represents the body, while the white stripe represents the soul.
Indonesia Coat of Arms:
Called Garuda Pancasila, the national emblem of Indonesia is composed of a Garuda (large mythical bird) and heraldic shield.
The five sections of the shield represent the five Pancasila principles of Indonesia's national philosophy, and the scroll in the Garuda's talons bears the national motto, "Bhinneka tunggal ika." ('Unity in diversity')