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India History Timeline

2500BC - 70BC
  • (2500BC) Indus Valley civilization developed around Indus River valley, grew crops on river plains
  • (2000BC) Indus Valley civilization collapsed
  • (1500BC) Aryan people came to the region
  • (700BC) Caste system began, Brahmans took highest class
  • (500BC) Buddhism founded by Siddhartha Gautama
  • (326BC) Alexander the Great crossed the Indus River into India
  • (304BC) Magadha King Chandragupta Maurya, bought Indus valley,established the Maurya Dynasty
  • (300BC) Chola Dynasty established
  • (220BC) Maurya Dynasty expanded
  • (184BC) Maurya Dynasty ended
  • (184BC) Sunga Dynasty began
  • (78BC) Sunga Dynasty ended
50AD - 1600s
  • (50) Trade grew between Roman Empire and India, Romans bought pearls, ivory, silk, spices, precious gems
  • (50) Kushans established empire in northern India
  • (320 - 550) India came under rule of the Gupta Empire, Hinduism became major religion
  • (1498) Vasco da Gama was first European explorer to reach India
  • (1526) Mughal Dynasty was established, unified most of south India with the north
  • (1600s) Holland, Great Britain, France established key trading posts in India
  • (1610) British East India Company was established
  • (1638) Mogul Emperor Shah Jahan began construction of the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife, Mumtaz
1700s
  • (1757) In the Battle of Plassey, Robert Clive of the East India Company defeated the Mughal governor of Bengal
  • (1774) Warren Hastings appointed as first Governor-General of India
  • (1775 - 1782) First Anglo-Maratha War was fought between British East India Company and Maratha Empire, the Maratha won, all territories occupied by British were returned
  • (1779 - 1784) Second Anglo-Mysore War was a conflict in Mughal between Kingdom of Mysore and British East India Company
  • (1784) Anglo-Mysore War ended with Treaty of Mangalore, both sides agreed to restore the others' lands
  • (1789 - 1792) Third Anglo-Mysore War was between South India and the British East India Company
  • (1792) Treaty of Seringapatam ended war, Mysore ceded about 50% of its territory
  • (1798 - 1799) Fourth (and final) Anglo-Mysore War was fought between Kingdom of Mysore and British East India Company in South India
  • (1799) British attack on Srirangapattana ended war
1800s
  • (1831) Administration of Mysore was taken over by East India Company
  • (1848) Lord Dalhousie became Governor-General of India
  • (1853) Railway, postal service, telegraph lines introduced
  • (1857) Indian Rebellion (Sepoy Mutiny) - the first war of Indian independence
  • (1858) British suppressed rebellion, the Mughal Empire collapsed
  • (1858) India came under direct rule of the British crown
  • (1877) Queen of England proclaimed Empress of India
  • (1885) Burma became Indian province
  • (1885) Indian National Congress formed
  • (1899) Lord Curzon became Governor-General and Viceroy of India
1900s
  • (1905) British partitioned Bengal into separate Hindu and Muslim sections
  • (1906) Muslim League formed
  • (1912) Capital was moved from Calcutta to Delhi
  • (1919) Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place in Amritsar at meeting. Brigadier-General Dyer ordered riflemen to shoot at group, more than 1,000 killed
  • (1920 - 1922) Non-Cooperation Movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi to resist British occupation through non-violent means. Protesters refused to buy British goods, used local handicrafts, picketed liquor stores
  • (1922) Police station in Chauri Chaura was set on fire by angry citizens, 23 policemen killed
  • (1928) Sir John Simon sent seven British Parliament members to study constitutional reform, citizens were outraged

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.