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India Facts

  • Name: India
    (long form) Republic of India
  • Capital City: New Delhi (249,998 mun. corp. pop.)
    (21,753,386 metro)
  • India Population: 1,220,800,359 (2013 est.)
  • World Populations (all countries)
  • Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
    (conversion rates)

    Indian Rupee
    20 Indian Rupees
  • Ethnicity: Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3%
  • GDP total: $4.784 trillion (2012 est.)
  • GDP per capita: $3,900 (2012 est.)
  • Land Sizes
  • Language: Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%

    Note: English is the subsidiary official language, but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
  • Largest Cities: (by population) Mumbai (Bombay), Delhi, Calcutta, Bangalore, Chennai (Madras)
  • Name: From the Old Persian word Hindu, the local name for the Indus River
  • National Day: January 26
  • Religion: Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1%
  • Symbols

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.