The next two decades were riddled with violence, as Israel attacked and was in return attacked by various countries in the Arab world, along with initiatives towards reconciliation and peace
The Camp David Accords (officially the "Framework for Peace in the Middle East" agreements) between Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egypt's President Anwar el-Sādāt, brokered by the US President Jimmy Carter, was the first treaty of this type between Israel and any of its Arab neighbors. Signed in 1978, The peace between Israel and Egypt resulting from the treaty has largely continued to exist, and both Begin and Sādāt received the Nobel Prize for Peace for their efforts.
Yitzhak Rabin was elected Prime Minister in 1992, and called for a compromise with Israel's neighbors. The Oslo Accords were signed the following year between Israel and Palestine, as an attempt to extinguish any outstanding status issues between the two sides, and the Palestinian National Authority was granted the right to govern parts of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
The Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace was signed in 1994, also normalizing relations between the two countries.
Support of the Accords by the Jewish population decreased, however, as Israel came under attack by Palestine, and in 1995 following a peace rally, Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a far-right-wing Jew.
Negotiations continued into the new millennium between Palestine and Israel. Today, the West Bank is partially Israeli-occupied, but Israel, in September, 2005, withdrew all Israeli settlers and soldiers and dismantled its military facilities in the Gaza Strip. Nonetheless, Israel controls maritime, airspace, and most access to the Gaza Strip.
In July of 2006, the country of Israel and Hezbollah forces within Lebanon began fighting a bloody war; one with thousands of civilians caught in the middle. The Second Lebanon War lasted until a cease fire took effect on August 14th, 2006.
One of the largest social protests in Israel's history took place on July 14, 2011, as hundreds of thousands of protesters rallied against the continuing rise in the cost of living, as well as the deterioration of public services.
Due to ongoing social issues, the U.S. Department of State and other world governments urge their citizens to carefully weigh the necessity of their travel to Israel.
Despite the social warfare, tourism remains one of Israel's major sources of income, and around 3.4 million tourists visit the country annually.
Brimming with historical and religious sites, beach resorts, and numerous tourism hotspots including museums, the Western Wall, and the ruins of Masada in the Judean Desert, Israel is a remarkable, fascinating and controversial country, all in one.
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