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Bhutan History Timeline

1900s continued

  • (1990) Ethnic unrest, protests in southern Bhutan pressing for more democracy, respect for Nepali rights. Thousands of Nepalis fled to Nepal
  • (1990) People's Party was banned
  • (1992) Leader of illegal Bhutan People's Party sentenced to life in prison
  • (1992) District boundaries changed
  • (1992) National Security Act passed, allowed government to use deadly force to stop unlawful demonstrations
  • (1993) Bhutan and Nepal work to solve refugee problem
  • (1998) King ceded some power to National Assembly, gave up role as head of government; cabinet now elected by assembly; post of Prime Minister restored
2000s
  • (2000) Severe flooding caused landslides, killed 200
  • (2001) Bhutan, Nepal reached agreement regarding repatriation of classes of Bhutanese refugees living in camps in Nepal
  • (2003) Several guerrilla groups established bases in forests in southern Bhutan to launch attacks on targets in Assam
  • (2003) Royal Bhutan Army began operations against guerrilla camps
  • (2004) Capital punishment abolished
  • (2005) King Jigme Singye Wangchuck announced he would abdicate in 2008, named Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck to succeed him
  • (2006) King Jigme Singye Wangchuck abdicated early, Crown Prince Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck assumed throne
  • (2007) Bhutan signed agreement with India, gave them more say in own foreign and defense policies
  • (2007) Mock elections held to educate voters about parliamentary democracy prior to polls in 2008
  • (2007) Prime Minister Khandu Wangchuck resigned in order to compete in 2008 elections
  • (2008) Series of bombings occurred prior to elections
  • (2008) Pro-monarchy Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party won 45 of 47 seats in National Assembly during first parliamentary elections
  • (2008) Constitution of Bhutan enacted
  • (2008) Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck crowned king
  • (2008) India's government alleged links between Assamese separatists and Bhutan dissident Druk National Congress
  • (2009) Huanglongbing virus destroyed orange crop, one of Bhutan's most important exports
  • (2009) Local Government Act of Bhutan 2009 enacted, more administrative powers given to districts
  • (2010) Parliament passed Tobacco Control Act, restricted import, possession and banned sale of tobacco
  • (2011) King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck married 21-year-old student, Jetsun Pema
  • (2013) In Parliamentary elections, the opposition People's Democratic Party won 32 seats

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