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Bangladesh History Timeline

1900s continued

  • (1975) Sheikh Mujib became president of Bangladesh
  • (1975) Sheikh Mujib assassinated in military coup; martial law imposed
  • (1977) General Zia Rahman assumed presidency
  • (1977) Islam adopted in constitution
  • (1981) President Zia assassinated during military coup, succeeded by Abdus Sattar
  • (1982) General Ershad assumed power in army coup, suspended political parties and constitution
  • (1983) General Ershad became president
  • (1986) Ershad elected to five-year term, martial law was lifted, constitution reinstated
  • (1987) Following demonstrations and strikes, a state of emergency was declared
  • (1988) Islam became state religion
  • (1988) Three-quarters of the country covered by floods, tens of millions made homeless
  • (1990) President Ershad stepped down following protests
  • (1991) Ershad convicted and jailed for illegal possession of weapons, corruption
  • (1991) Begum Khaleda Zia became prime minister
  • (1991) Following constitution change, prime minister gained primary executive power
  • (1991) Cyclonic tidal wave killed 138,000
  • (1996) Sheikh Hasina Wajed elected prime minister
  • (1998) Two-thirds of country devastated by flooding
2000s
  • (2000) Bangladesh expelled Pakistanidiplomat for comments about 1971 war
  • (2001) Bomb blast at Bengali New Year concert in Dhaka killed seven
  • (2001) Border clashes killed 16 Indian, three Bangladeshi soldiers
  • (2001) 10 people killed by bomb at Sunday mass at Catholic church in Baniachar
  • (2001) Bomb at Awami league office killed 22
  • (2001) Prime Minister Hasina stepped down
  • (2001) Two bombs exploded at election rally in southwest Bangladesh, eight killed, hundreds injured
  • (2001) Hasina lost election
  • (2002) New law introduced making acid attacks punishable by death
  • (2002) President Chowdhury resigned
  • (2002) Iajuddin Ahmed sworn in as president
  • (2002) Overloaded ferry capsized, over 100 killed
  • (2002) Bomb blasts in cinema near Dhaka killed 17, injured hundreds
  • (2003) Passenger ferry sank in river in southern Bangladesh, hundreds drowned
  • (2004) Campaign to oust government called for 21 general strikes during the year
  • (2004) Bomb attack on Muslim shrine in Sylhet killed two, injured 50
  • (2004) Flooding killed 800, left millions homeless
  • (2005) Garment factory collapse in Savar killed 26 workers
  • (2005) Terrorist group, JMB, simultaneously detonated 500 bombs in 300 locations
  • (2006) Swearing-in ceremony of caretaker administration postponed following street clashes between government and opposition supporters
2000s continued
  • (2007) State of emergency declared due to violence in election run-up. Poll postponed. Fakhruddin Ahmed took over as head of caretaker administration
  • (2007) Former Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina, charged with murder
  • (2007) Government imposed curfew on Dhaka, five other cities, following clashes between students and police
  • (2007) Cyclone Sidr struck, thousands killed, hundreds of thousands of survivors left homeless
  • (2008) Elections held, former Prime Minister Sheidh Hasina won reelection in landslide victory
  • (2009) Border guards, unhappy with pay and conditions, killed 74 - mainly army officers
  • (2010) Housing-block fire killed more than 100 when electrical transformer exploded in Dhaka
  • (2010) Police in Dhaka and Chittagong clashed with garment factory workers demanding better pay, three killed, dozens injured
  • (2010) Garment factory fire killed more than 20, more than 100 critically injured
  • (2011) 14-year old girl charged with adultery was lashed to death
  • (2012) Bangladesh military foiled plot to overthrow Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
  • (2012) Over 100,000 opposition supporters gathered in Dhaka to demand the government step down and hold elections
  • (2013) In May, the collapse of a Dhaka, Bangladesh garment factory building had a death toll of 1,127
  • (2013) Muslim cleric Abul Kalam Azad was sentenced to death for crimes against humanity during 1971 independence war by war crimes tribunal, tried in absentia as he has fled the country
  • (2013) Abdul Hamid elected new president by Parliament following death of Zillur Rahman
  • (2013) Worker protests closed hundreds of factories, forced government to raise minimum wage and make it easier to form unions
  • (2013)Police and thousands of protesters clashed following conviction of Ghulam Azam, leader of Jamaat-e-Islami party, for war crimes commited during 1971 war of independence
  • (2014) Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina reelected to third term

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This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.