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Afghanistan History Timeline

1900s continued

  • (1997) Pakistan, Saudi Arabia recognized Taliban as legitimate rulers
  • (1998) U.S. launched missile strikes at suspected bases of militant Osama bin Laden, following bombings of two American embassies in Africa
  • (1999) UN imposed an air embargo and financial sanctions to force Afghanistan to hand over Osama bin Laden for trial
2000s
  • (2001) Ahmed Shah Masood, leader of anti-Taliban Northern Alliance forces, was assassinated
  • (2001) Hijackers commandeered four commercial airplanes, attacked New York City's World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and crashed into field in Pennsylvania, thousands killed, bin Laden forces prime suspects
  • (2001) U.S. and Britain launched airstrikes of Taliban targets and bases
  • (2001) Taliban regime collapsed; Afghanistan interim government formed
  • (2002) Hamid Karzai became president of interim Afghanistan government
  • (2003) Peacekeeping forces entered Afghanistan led by NATO began protracted fight against Taliban
  • (2004) Loya Jirga, grand council, adopted new constitution; Hamid Karzai elected president
  • (2005) First parliamentary elections in more than 30 years were held, Parliament conducted first meeting
  • (2006) NATO expanded operations to southern portion of the country, assumed responsibility for security across the entire country
  • (2007) Afghan government and NATO confirmed Taliban commander, Mullah Dadullah, killed during U.S.-led operations in southern Afghanistan
  • (2008) Suicide bomb on Indian embassy in Kabul killed more than 50
  • (2008) U.S.President George Bush sent more U.S. troops sent to Afghanistan, described as a "quiet surge"
  • (2009) Widespread Taliban attacks occurred during presidential and provincial elections, Karzai declared presidential winner
  • (2009) U.S. President Barack Obama sent more troops to Afghanistan, said U.S. would start withdrawing forces in 2011
  • (2009) Al-Qaeda double agent killed seven CIA agents in suicide attack on U.S. base in Khost
  • (2010) Forces launched Operation Moshtarak, led by NATO, to secure government control of southern Helmand province
  • (2010) Website Wikileaks published thousands of classified U.S. military documents relating to Afghanistan
  • (2010) Taliban violence marred parliamentary polls, caused widespread fraud, delay in announcing results
  • (2011) Burning of Kuran by U.S. pastor caused country-wide protests, foreign UN workers, several Afghans killed
  • (2011) U.S. forces overtook compound in Pakistan, killed al-Qaida leader, Osama bin Laden
  • (2011) President's half-brother, Ahmad Wali Karzai, killed in Taliban campaign
  • (2011) Former president, Burhanuddin Rabbani, assassinated
  • (2011) Afghanistan and India signed partnership to expand cooperation in security and development
  • (2011) President Karzai given permission to negotiate a 10-year military partnership with U.S. allowing the troops to remain after 2014
  • (2011) 58 peple were killed in attacks at a Shia shrine in Kabul and a Shia mosque in Mazar-i-Sharif
  • (2012) Taliban opened office in Dubai, U.A.E. to hold peace talks with U.S. and Afghanistan
  • (2012) 30 killed during protests about burning copies of Koran at U.S. base in Bagram
  • (2012) Nato announced it would withdraw troops by late 2014
  • (2012) French President Francois Hollande said France would withdraw its combat mission by end of 2012
  • (2012) Afghanistan agreed to conditions to counter corruption after receiving pledges of $16 billion for civilian aid from U.S., Japan, Germany and the UK
  • (2013) Sherkhan Farnood and Khalilullah Ferozi, two former Kabul Bank chiefs, were jailed for multi-million dollar fraud that nearly led to the collapse of the Afghan banking system in 2010
  • (2013) Afghan army took over command of military and security operations from NATO
  • (2013) Security talks with U.S. were suspended by President Karzai after Washington, D.C. announced it would hold talks with Taliban
  • (2013) Proposed security agreement would provide U.S. with military bases after NATO troops formally withdrew
  • (2014) Vice President Muhammad Qasim Fahim, who played a signficant role in ousting the Taliban, died
  • (2014) Taliban began threatening Afghans to not take part in upcoming presidential elections, said they will "use all force" possible to disrupt elections

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