Most of Zambia consists of a wide plateau, with some scattered mountains (Muchinga) north and central.
The major river system, formed by the Zambezi and its tributaries - the Luangwa and Kafue Rivers - cuts into the plateau forming deep valleys and waterfalls such as Victoria Falls on the southern border with Zimbabwe.
Victoria Falls, although neither the highest nor widest of waterfalls in the world, lays claim as the largest in the world based on a width of 5,604 ft. (1,708 m) and height of 354 ft. (108 m).
A swamp basin surrounds Lake Bangweulu and the savanna grasslands, with woodlands and Rhodesian teak forests covering a large part of the southwest (though they are decreasing in size as the growing population demands more land).
Major lakes of Zambia include Bangweulu, Mweru and Tanganyika.
Zambia's highest point is an unnamed elevation within the Mafinga Mountains (Hills) at 8,503 ft. (2,301m); the lowest point of the country is the Zambezi River.