1. World Map/
  2. Africa/
  3. Namibia

Namibia

South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory.

The South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence in 1966 for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region.

Namibia won its independence in 1990 and has been governed by SWAPO since.

About one-half of the population lives below the international poverty line and the economy suffers greatly from the effects of HIV/AIDS.

Hifikepunye Pohamba was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam Nujoma who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule. Pohamba was re-elected in the 2009 elections by an overwhelming vote.

Namibia's economy depends primarily on mining – it is the fourth largest exporter of non-fuel minerals in Africa as well as the world's fifth largest producer of uranium.

As for tourism, Although Namibia presents a brutally hot climate, travelers journey here to tour the barren red-sand deserts, and the highest sand dunes in the world in Namib National Park.

About Namibia

Trending on WorldAtlas

Countries of Africa

This page was last updated on April 7, 2017.