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Morocco History Timeline

BC

  • (2001 BC) Neolithic hunters and herders occupied the region of present-day Morocco
  • (1200 BC) Phoenician traders established depots for salt and ore along the coast
  • (500 BC) Carthage extended their dominance across much of North Africa, including present-day Morocco

40 AD - 1800s
  • (40 AD) The region was annexed to the Roman Empire after the fall of Carthage
  • (278) The regional capital of the Roman Empire was moved to Tanger on the northern coast of Morocco
  • (429) Vandals gained control of the region
  • (600s) Arabs invaded the land
  • (740) Berbers revolted against Arab ruling
  • (900s-1700s) Several different dynasties and religious movements fought and gained control over the region
  • (1884) Spain created a protectorate along the coastal areas of Morocco following a dispute over the Ceuta enclave

1900s
  • (1904) Zones of influence were carved out between France and Spain
  • (1912) Morocco is named a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez; Spain continued to command their coastal protectorate
  • (1920-1926) A Berber uprising in the Rif Mountains was suppressed by French and Spanish troops
  • (1925) Slavery was abolished
  • (1943) The Party of Independence was founded
  • (1956) Widespread unrest and a strong nationalistic sentiment ended the French protectorate status; Spain held onto their two coastal enclaves
  • (1961) King Hassan II rose to power
  • (1963) The first general elections of Morocco were conducted
  • (1965) A state of emergency is declared following a period of social unrest; King Hassan suspended the parliament
  • (1973) The Polisario movement was formed as an effort to establish an independent state in Spanish Sahara
  • (1975) King Hassan ordered 350,000 civilian volunteers to cross into Spanish Sahara; Spain agreed to transfer control of the Sahara to Morocco and Mauritania and the Spanish Sahara was renamed Western Sahara
  • (1976) Fighting occurred between the Moroccan military and Polisario forces
  • (1983) Elections were canceled by King Hassan amidst political unrest and an economic crisis
  • (1988) Diplomatic relations with Algeria were restored
  • (1997) A bicameral legislature was established
  • (1998) The first opposition-led government came into power
  • (1999) King Hassan II died and was succeeded by his son, Mohammed VI

2000s
  • (2003) Suicide bombers attacked several sites in Casablanca
  • (2004) A powerful earthquake rattled the northern region, more than 500 people were killed
  • (2007) An autonomy blueprint for Western Sahara was unveiled by Morocco; the Polisario movement rejected the plan and put forth their own proposal
  • (2008) The Authenticity and Modernity Party was formed by Fouad Ali al-Himma
  • (2010) Violent demonstrations were triggered after security forces swarmed a protest camp located in a disputed territory of Western Sahara
  • (2011) Thousands rallied across Morocco calling for political reform and a new constitution; a bomb attack on a Marrakech cafe killed 17 people; the moderate Islamist Justice and Development Party (PJD) won the parliamentary elections
  • (2012) A new coalition headed by Abdelilah Benkirane of the PJD was installed
  • (2012) "Arab Spring" protests continued calling for deeper reforms
  • (2013) King Mohammed appointed a new government
  • (2014) Judicial cooperation with France was suspended following a diplomatic row over lawsuits in Paris accusing the Chief of Intelligence of Morocco of complicity in torture

Morocco Photographs

Photos used are from public domain sources and from en.wikipedia.org

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This page was last modified on April 7, 2017.