The Cape Verde islands are hilly and mountainous (all volcanic in origin), and encircled by rugged cliffs and reefs.
The archipelago holds 10 islands and 8 islets covering a total area of 1,557 sq miles (4,033 sq km). The islands are divided into two groups: the windward islands and the leeward islands. Santiago is the archipelago's largest island, both in size and population.
Extensive salt flats cover Sal and Maio, while arid slopes transition into fields of sugarcane on Santiago, Santo Antao and Sao Nicolau.
Mt. Fogo on Fogo Island is an active volcano, and the highest point of Cape Verde at 9,281 ft. (2,829 m). Its most recent eruption was in 1995.
There are no significant rivers, and the lowest point of the islands is the Atlantic Ocean (0 m).
Cape Verde Photographs
An aerial view of Cape Verde