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  4. Where is Colombia

Where is Colombia?

map showing the location of Colombia

Located in the continent of South America, Colombia covers 1,038,700 square kilometers of land and 100,210 square kilometers of water, making it the 26th largest nation in the world with a total area of 1,138,910 square kilometers.

Colombia became an independent state in 1819, after gaining its sovereignty from Spain. The population of Colombia is 45,239,079 (2012) and the nation has a density of 44 people per square kilometer.

The currency of Colombia is the Colombian Peso (COP). As well, the people of Colombia are refered to as Columbian.

The dialing code for the country is 57 and the top level internet domain for Columbian sites is .co.

Colombia shares land borders with 5 countries: Venezuela, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Brazil.

To learn more, visit our detailed Colombia section.

Quick facts

Population 45,239,079
Density 43.6 / km2 ( 112.8 / mi2 )
Language Spanish
Independence Year 1819
Capital Bogota (Bogota D.C.)
Currency Colombian Peso
GDP 378,000,000,000 (2014 data)
GDP per Capita 8,356 (2014 data)
Land Area 1,038,700 km2 (401,044 mi2)
Water Area 100,210 km2 (38,691 mi2)
Neighbouring Countries Panama, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Venezuela
Minimum Longitude -81.730
Maximum Longitude -66.870
Mininum Latitude -4.230
Maximum Latitude 13.390

What is the capital of Colombia?

map showing the location of Colombia
Location of Bogota on a map.

Bogota is the capital city of Colombia. It has a population of 7,674,366, and is located on a latitue of 4.61 and longitude of -74.08.

Bogota is also the political center of Colombia, which is considered a Republic, and home to its Executive head of state.

Quick Facts About Bogota, the Capital Of Colombia

City Bogota
Country Colombia
Population 7,674,366
Longitude -74.08175000
Latitude 4.60971000
Elevation 2582 meters over sea level

Most popular cities in Colombia

Rank City Population
#1Bogota7,674,366
#2Cali2,392,877
#3Medellin1,999,979
#4Barranquilla1,380,425
#5Cartagena952,024
#6Cucuta721,398
#7Bucaramanga571,820
#8Pereira440,118
#9Santa Marta431,781
#10Ibague421,685
#11Bello392,939
#12Pasto382,236
#13Manizales357,814
#14Neiva352,855
#15Soledad342,556
#16Villavicencio321,717
#17Armenia315,328
#18Soacha313,945
#19Valledupar308,237
#20Itagui281,853

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This page was last modified on October 2, 2015.