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Serbia Geography

Geography

The rugged mountains, hills and valleys of the Dinaric Alps slice through Serbia west of the Morava River, while the toothy-edged Balkan Mountains form its natural borders with Bulgaria and Romania.

The highest point in Serbia is Deravica on Prokletije rising to 8,713 ft. (2,656 m) in the region of Kosovo.

A fertile river floodplain (the Pannonian) stretches from Belgrade north to the borders with Croatia, Hungary and Romania.

Natural lakes in Serbia are rare as a result of the rugged terrain, and the ones that do exist -such as the glacial lake Palic- are mostly located in Vojvodina.

Serbia's largest artificial lake, resulting from a hydroelectric dam, is Derdap located on the Danube.

Significant rivers include the Danube, Drina, Lim, Morava, Sava and Tara.

Geography Serbia and Montenegro
Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina

Geographic coordinates:

44 00 N, 21 00 E

Map references:

Europe

Area:

total: 102,350 sq km
land: 102,136 sq km
water: 214 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than Kentucky

Land boundaries:

total: 2,246 km
border countries: Albania 287 km, Bosnia and Herzegovina 527 km, Bulgaria 318 km, Croatia (north) 241 km, Croatia (south) 25 km, Hungary 151 km, Macedonia 221 km, Romania 476 km

Coastline:

199 km

Maritime claims:

NA

Climate:

in the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland

Terrain:

extremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills; to the southwest, extremely high shoreline with no islands off the coast

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Daravica 2,656 m

Natural resources:

oil, gas, coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, antimony, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, hydropower, arable land

Land use:

arable land: 33.35%
permanent crops: 3.2%
other: 63.45% (2001)

Irrigated land:

570 sq km

Natural hazards:

destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues:

pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

controls one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East; strategic location along the Adriatic coast

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

map of Serbia

locator map of Serbia

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balkan mountains

Balkan Mountains, Serbia

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This page was last modified on July 12, 2016.