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Luxembourg Geography

Geography

Luxembourg is a landlocked country of thick, green forests that cover rolling hills and low mountains.

The northern region, (Oesling) is a ridged plateau, with land that suffers from bad soil composition, and remains (for the most part) unproductive.

Slicing across the northern border with Belgium are the Andrennes (low mountains), while the southern region of Gotland is blessed with fertile soil and nourishing rivers.

Luxembourg's highest point, Burgplatz, stands at 1,843 ft. (559m).

Important rivers include the Alzette, Eisch, Moselle, Our and Sure. The largest lake is Haute Sure.

Geography Luxembourg
Location: Western Europe, between France and Germany

Geographic coordinates:

49 45 N, 6 10 E

Map references:

Europe

Area:

total: 2,586 sq km
land: 2,586 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than Rhode Island

Land boundaries:

total: 359 km
border countries: Belgium 148 km, France 73 km, Germany 138 km

Coastline:

0 km (landlocked)

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)

Climate:

modified continental with mild winters, cool summers

Terrain:

mostly gently rolling uplands with broad, shallow valleys; uplands to slightly mountainous in the north; steep slope down to Moselle flood plain in the southeast

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Moselle River 133 m
highest point: Buurgplaatz 559 m

Natural resources:

iron ore (no longer exploited), arable land

Land use:

arable land: 23.28%
permanent crops: 0.4%
other: 76.32% (includes Belgium) (2001)

Irrigated land:

40 sq km (includes Belgium) (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

NA

Environment - current issues:

air and water pollution in urban areas, soil pollution of farmland

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification

Geography - note:

landlocked; the only Grand Duchy in the world

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

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Alzette river

Alzette River, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg

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This page was last modified on July 12, 2016.