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Liechtenstein Geography

Geography

One of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world, Liechtenstein is a small country barely the size of Washington DC, in the United States.

The Rhine River valley covers the western third of the country, with the mountainous (Alps) the balance.

Liechtenstein's highest point is Vorder Grauspitz, which reaches 8,526 feet (2,599 m).

Geography Liechtenstein
Location: Central Europe, between Austria and Switzerland

Geographic coordinates:

47 16 N, 9 32 E

Map references:

Europe

Area:

total: 160 sq km
land: 160 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

about 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries:

total: 76 km
border countries: Austria 34.9 km, Switzerland 41.1 km

Coastline:

0 km (doubly landlocked)

Maritime claims:

none (landlocked)

Climate:

continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers

Terrain:

mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m
highest point: Grauspitz 2,599 m

Natural resources:

hydroelectric potential, arable land

Land use:

arable land: 25%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 75% (2001)

Irrigated land:

NA sq km

Natural hazards:

NA

Environment - current issues:

NA

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea

Geography - note:

along with Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

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Schellenberg

Schellenberg, Liechtenstein

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This page was last updated on August 13, 2015.