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Georgia Geography

Geography

Georgia is a very mountainous country, with the rugged Caucasus Mountains stretching across the northern third, and the Lesser Caucasus Mountains dominating the central and southern landscape.

The country's highest point, (100% within its borders) is Mt. Kazbek, rising to 16,558 ft. (5,047 m).

Mt. Shkhara, is a few meters higher, and its southern slopes front Georgia, but it's mostly located in Russia, just to the southeast of Mt. Elbrus. It rises to 16,627 ft. (5,068m).

Europe's highest point, (Mt. Elbrus) is located just over Georgia's northern border, and reaches 18,841 ft. (5,633m).

The Kolkhida Lowlands front the Black Sea in the west, and numerous small rivers drain the area. The most significant rivers include the Kura and Rioni.

Geography Georgia
Location: Southwestern Asia, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia

Geographic coordinates:

42 00 N, 43 30 E

Map references:

Asia

Area:

total: 69,700 sq km
land: 69,700 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than South Carolina

Land boundaries:

total: 1,461 km
border countries: Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

Coastline:

310 km

Maritime claims:

NA

Climate:

warm and pleasant; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast

Terrain:

largely mountainous with Great Caucasus Mountains in the north and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south; Kolkhet'is Dablobi (Kolkhida Lowland) opens to the Black Sea in the west; Mtkvari River Basin in the east; good soils in river valley flood plains, foothills of Kolkhida Lowland

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Black Sea 0 m
highest point: Mt'a Shkhara 5,201 m

Natural resources:

forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth

Land use:

arable land: 11.44%
permanent crops: 3.86%
other: 84.7% (2001)

Irrigated land:

4,700 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

earthquakes

Environment - current issues:

air pollution, particularly in Rust'avi; heavy pollution of Mtkvari River and the Black Sea; inadequate supplies of potable water; soil pollution from toxic chemicals

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

strategically located east of the Black Sea; Georgia controls much of the Caucasus Mountains and the routes through them

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

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Mt. Kazbek

Mt. Kazbek, Georgia

Lidia Ilona at en.wikipedia

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This page was last updated on August 12, 2015.