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Bosnia and Herzegovina Geography

Geography

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a very hilly country with the Dinaric Alps dominating the landscape.

The highest point, Mt. Maglic, rises to 7,831 ft. (2,387m).

Thick forests cover almost 50% of the land, while in the north, along the Sava River valley, a hilly, fertile plain stretches east to west.

The country has limited access to the Adriatic Sea through a small strip of land (about 12 miles wide) in the far-southwest.

Significant rivers include the Neretua, Sava, Vrbas, and the Bosna - the source of the country's name.

Geography Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Croatia

Geographic coordinates:

44 00 N, 18 00 E

Map references:

Europe

Area:

total: 51,129 sq km
land: 51,129 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than West Virginia

Land boundaries:

total: 1,459 km
border countries: Croatia 932 km, Serbia and Montenegro 527 km

Coastline:

20 km

Maritime claims:

no data available

Climate:

hot summers and cold winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

Terrain:

mountains and valleys

Elevation extremes:

lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Maglic 2,386 m

Natural resources:

coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, forests, hydropower

Land use:

arable land: 13.6%
permanent crops: 2.96%
other: 83.44% (2001)

Irrigated land:

20 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:

destructive earthquakes

Environment - current issues:

air pollution from metallurgical plants; sites for disposing of urban waste are limited; water shortages and destruction of infrastructure because of the 1992-95 civil strife; deforestation

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography - note:

within Bosnia and Herzegovina's recognized borders, the country is divided into a joint Bosniak/Croat Federation (about 51% of the territory) and the Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska or RS (about 49% of the territory); the region called Herzegovina is contiguous to Croatia and Serbia and Montenegro (Montenegro), and traditionally has been settled by an ethnic Croat majority in the west and an ethnic Serb majority in the east

Note: The information tabled directly above was researched by and provided by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency

map of Bosnia and Herzegovina adriatic Sea

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Trebizat River

Waterfalls over the Trebizat River, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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This page was last updated on August 12, 2015.