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Where is Syria?

map showing the location of Syria

Located in the continent of Asia, Syrian Arab Republic covers 183,630 square kilometers of land and 1,550 square kilometers of water, making it the 89th largest nation in the world with a total area of 185,180 square kilometers.

Syria became an independent state in 1946, after gaining its sovereignty from Turkey. The population of Syria is 22,530,746 (2012) and the nation has a density of 123 people per square kilometer.

The currency of Syria is the Syrian Pound (SYP). As well, the people of Syria are refered to as Syrian.

The dialing code for the country is 963 and the top level internet domain for Syrian sites is .sy.

Syria shares land borders with 5 countries: Turkey, Israel, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon.

To learn more, visit our detailed Syrian Arab Republic section.

Quick facts

Population 22,530,746
Density 122.7 / km2 ( 317.8 / mi2 )
Language Arabic
Independence Year 1946
Capital Damascus (Dimashq)
Currency Syrian Pound
GDP 40,405,006,007 (2007 data)
GDP per Capita 1,793 (2007 data)
Land Area 183,630 km2 (70,900 mi2)
Water Area 1,550 km2 (598 mi2)
Neighbouring Countries Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
Minimum Longitude 35.610
Maximum Longitude 42.370
Mininum Latitude 32.310
Maximum Latitude 37.320

What is the capital of Syria?

map showing the location of Syria
Location of Damascus on a map.

Damascus is the capital city of Syria. It has a population of 1,569,394, and is located on a latitue of 33.51 and longitude of 36.29.

Damascus is also the political center of Syria, which is considered a Republic, and home to its Executive head of state.

Quick Facts About Damascus, the Capital Of Syria

City Damascus
Country Syria
Population 1,569,394
Longitude 36.29128000
Latitude 33.51020000
Elevation 701 meters over sea level

Most popular cities in Syria

Rank City Population
#1Aleppo1,602,264
#2Damascus1,569,394
#3Homs775,404
#4Hamah460,602
#5Latakia340,181
#6Deir ez-Zor242,565
#7Ar Raqqah177,636
#8Al Bab130,745
#9Idlib128,840
#10Douma111,864
#11Dar'a97,969
#12As Safirah95,832
#13As Salamiyah94,887
#14Tartouss89,457
#15Ath Thawrah87,880
#16Al Hasakah81,539
#17Darayya71,596
#18Manbij68,888
#19I`zaz66,138
#20Jablah65,915

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This page was last updated on October 2, 2015.