Industrial areas also known as industrial parks or industrial estates are areas outlined and planned for industrial development. Industrial areas are typically located outside or on the edges of the central residential area of the city and are characterized by the access to transportation which includes road and rail. Therefore, industrial areas can be found at proximity where more than one mode of transport synchronizes with ports, highways, airports, and railroads. There are some very large industrial areas that exist in the world and serve important functions. Industrial parks solely concentrate on developing industrial facilities in a particular area which helps in the advancement of business activity and the modernization of industries in general. Industrial areas also play a significant part in the growth and development of infrastructure, predominately within transportation.
15. Mahindra World City - Jaipur, India
14. Pureland Industrial Complex - Logan Township, USA
13. North West Industrial SDA - Saskatoon, Canada
12. Burnside Industrial Park - Dartmouth, Canada
Burnside Industrial Park located in Dartmouth is a preeminent industrial and commercial development in Canada. Burnside Industrial Park covers an area of 2,400 acres which runs up the hill from the Basin and was established as Dartmouth's former industrial park after the A. Murray MacKay Bridge was completed in 1970. Currently, there are more than 1,000 employers in the park and 17,000 employees. Burnside Industrial Park mainly specializes in electronics, manufacturing, sales, services, and transportation. The park is made up primary of low-rise office buildings, warehouse, and retail outlets.The location of the park has played a significant role in its success, as well as the construction of A. Murray MacKay Bridge that led to the development and boom in the area. The bridge provided an easier link to Fairview Cove container terminal, Halifax peninsula, the Halterm/south end container terminal, and the residential area of Clayton Park and north end, where the majority of workers in the park live. There are also four terminuses of highways in the area. Given the size of the park and the type of business in the region, there are numerous hotels located in the boundary that gathers for the travelers like the Ramada, Comfort Inn, and Day’s Inn. The Burnside Park had an expansion on the east side at the end of 2006.
11. KHEDCITY - Maharashtra, India
10. Nisku Industrial Park - Leduc, Canada
9. Great Southwest Industrial Park - Arlington, USA
8. MidAmerica Industrial Park - Tulsa, USA
MidAmerica Industrial Park is located near Tulsa, Oklahoma in the US. MidAmerica is the largest industrial park in Oklahoma comprising of more than 70 firms seven of which are the Fortune 500 companies. The park which covers an area of 9,000 acres was founded in 1960 when the federal government sold of the former Oklahoma Ordnance Works to the Oklahoma Ordnance Works Authority which was a public trust.
7. KAEC Industrial Valley - KAEC, Saudi Arabia
6. Tahoe-Renoe Industrial Center - Reno, USA
5. Cedar Crossing Industrial Park - Houston, USA
4. Rotterdam Harbour - Rotterdam, Netherlands
Rotterdam Harbour, also known as the Port of Rotterdam, is Europe's largest port and is located in Rotterdam in the Netherlands. Rotterdam Harbour was the busiest port in the world between the years of 1962 to 2004 when it was overtaken by Singapore and later Shanghai. Rotterdam was the 11th largest container port in the world in 2011 regarding 20-foot equivalent units (TEU) handled, in 2009 it was the tenth, in 2008 it was the ninth, and 2006 it was the sixth. In 2012, the port was the sixth-largest port in the world regarding annual cargo tonnage. The Harbour covers an area of 41 square miles and stretches over a distance of 25miles. It consists of five separate port areas and three distribution parks that attend to the needs of 40,000,000 customers.Cargo transshipment handling and petrochemical industries are the most significant activities at the port of Rotterdam. The port serves as an important point for the transit of goods between continental Europe and the rest of the world. Once good dock in Rotterdam they are transported by train, road, and ship or river barge.
Betuweroute, which is a fast cargo railway connecting Rotterdam with Germany, has been under construction since 2000, and the Dutch part of the railway was opened in 2007. To the western side of the city are large oil refineries and Rhine river together with river Maas offers superb access to the hinterland.The Rotterdam port and the surrounding area is susceptible to storm surge particularly from the North Sea, and there are various plans like the Delta Works which is used to protect from floods. The unique design is a flood barrier consisting of two huge doors that rest on a dry dock in Nieuwe Waterweg. When floods are anticipated that rises to 9.8 feet above sea level, the gates are floated into the position and sank in place, and when the water recedes to ordinary levels to allow opening of the gate, they are again into the docks.The Harbor is operated by the Port of Rotterdam Authority, which was initially a municipal body within the municipality of Rotterdam
3. Alberta's Industrial Heartland - Edmonton, Canada
Alberta's Industrial Heartland is also known as the Heartland or Upgrader Alley is located in Edmonton, Canada. The Heartland is not only the largest industrial area in Western Canada but also a cooperative land use planning and development initiative that is formed between five municipalities found in the capital region of Edmonton. The primary purpose of this cooperation is to draw investment in the oil, chemical, gas and petrochemical industries to the region. The Headland is the largest petrochemical processing regions in Canada covering over 40 petrochemical companies. The Heartland had $13 billion invested in new industrial projects by July 2015, and the projects have provided employment for approximately 25,000 people.
2. Yanbu Industrial City - Yanbu, Saudi Arabia
1. Jubail Industrial City - Jubail, Saudi Arabia
Jubail is an industrial city located in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Jubail is home to the largest city in the Middle East and hosts the fourth largest petrochemical company in the world and the largest in the Middle East. Jubail has the largest Independent Water and Power Project (IWPP) in the world which produces 800, 000, 000 liters of water and 2743.6 megawatts of electricity per day. Jubail was designated as a site for a new industrial city by the Saudi Arabian government in 1975. Currently, Jubail Industrial City is the world's largest civil engineering project. Jubail is made up of the old town of Al Jubail also known as the Jubail Balad, which dates back to the 18th and 19th centuries and had started as a small fishing village until 1975 when the new industrial area was established. Jubail Industrial area is connected to others cities by two main highways of Abu Hadriyah and Dhahran-Jubail highways, and there is an ongoing project of Jubail-Qassim Expressway covering 310 miles that will shorten the distance between Qassim and Jubail to just 206 miles from the present 516 miles.Another branch of the project of Saudi Landbridge railway is proposed to Dammam to Jubail. In the industrial area, there are two sea ports of King Fahd Industrial Seaport and the Jubail commercial seaport. According to 2011 figures, Jubail Commercial seaport was the world’s 92nd in the volume of cargo handled which was 44,700 tons.