Environment

Which Lake Is The Biggest In Oklahoma?

Oklahoma has over 200 lakes created by dams, the most of any state in the United States, Lake Texoma being the largest.

Oklahoma, a state in the United States, is unique in that majority of its lakes are human-made. Among all US states, it has the biggest number of dam-created lakes. Of natural lakes, it has either playa lakes or oxbow lakes. Oxbow lakes are created when a meandering part of the river is cut off from the rest of the river, leaving a U-shaped lake. Playa lakes are dry depressions into which water collected then evaporated, leaving an accumulation of precipitated salts.

Lake Texoma

Lake Texoma is the largest lake in Oklahoma. The 2,643,000 acre-Feet Lake, is formed from Denison Dam, with the Red River and the Washita River as its primary water sources. The original purpose of the dam and lake was flood control and to generate hydroelectric power. Plans were approved in 1938, with construction starting in 1939, and completed in 1944. The lake is home to more than 70 fish species, including several varieties of the bass and catfish. Water drains from Lake Tecoma into the Red River. At average elevation, the lake is 615 to 619 ft, increasing at flood time to as high as 645 ft; with the top of Denison Dam being at 670 ft. Every year 6 million tourists visit the biggest lake in Oklahoma, which has several attractions including two parks owned by the state, 54 which are managed by the USACE, golf courses, motor boating, and sailing. This tourism has contributed to the economic growth of the area.

Eufaula Lake

Oklahoma’s Eufaula Lake, which is 2,314,000 acre feet in size, is the state’s second-largest lake. Its main inflows are the North and South Canadian Rivers, and the primary outflow is the Canadian River. It has an average depth of 23 ft and a maximum depth of 87 ft. Surface elevation is 585 ft. In 1946 the Congress approved the construction of the dam to serve as flood control, water supply, navigation, hydroelectric generation, and recreation. The construction was done by the US Army Corps Engineers beginning in 1975 and came to completion in 1964. The dam generates 90,000 kilowatts of electricity, and its cost was $121.4 million. It is estimated that the dam has prevented almost $575.5 million of damages caused by flooding since it was completed. The dam is a tourist destination and attracts 2.5 million tourists annually.

Grand Lake o’ the Cherokees

The third largest lake in Oklahoma is the 1,515,416 acre feet Grand Lake o’ the Cherokee, which is created by the Pensacola Dam. The lake’s location is in the Ozark Mountain Range’s foothills. Construction commenced in 1938 and was completed in 1940. As well as attracting tourists to its resorts, its shows, and its tour boat the Cherokee Queen, the lake is among the top fishing lakes in the US.

Broken Bow Lake

The fourth biggest lake in Oklahoma is its 918,070-acre feet Broken Bow Lake. The Mountain Fork River is both its primary inflow and primary outflow. Located in the town of Broken Bow, the lake stretches into Ouachita Mountain country, with the densely forested mountain terrain providing numerous native bird species, attracting birdwatchers to the area. Recreational activities include hiking and hunting, done in the several parks found around the lake.

Oklahoma has over 200 human-made lakes, the greatest number for any state in the United States. Some of these other lakes, in order of reducing size are the Tenkiller Ferry Lake, Keystone Lake, Oologah Lake, Robert S. Kerr Reservoir, Foss Reservoir, Kaw Lake, Gibson Lake, Skitook Lake, Sardis Lake, Waurika Lake, Maukham Ferry Reservoir (Lake Hudson), Webbers Falls Lake, and many others.

Which Is The Biggest Lake In Oklahoma?

RankNameCapacity in acre feet (normal pool)
1Lake Texoma26,43,000
2Eufaula Lake23,14,000
3Grand Lake o' the Cherokees15,15,416
4Broken Bow Lake9,18,070
5Tenkiller Ferry Lake6,54,100
6Keystone Lake5,57,600
7Oologah Lake5,53,400
8Robert S. Kerr Reservoir5,25,700
9Foss Reservoir4,37,000
10Kaw Lake4,28,600
11Fort Gibson Lake3,55,200
12Skiatook Lake3,22,700
13Sardis Lake2,74,330
14Waurika Lake2,03,100
15Markham Ferry Reservoir (Lake Hudson)2,00,300
16Webbers Falls Lake1,70,100
17Hugo Lake1,57,600
18Lake Murray1,53,250
19Sooner Lake1,49,000
20Lake Altus-Lugert1,32,830

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