World Facts

When Did Israel Become a Nation?

The State of Israel declared its independence on May 14, 1948.

When Did Israel Become a Nation?

Israel is located in west Asia at the eastern end of Mediterranean Sea where Africa, Asia, and Europe meet. The Mediterranean Sea makes up the majority of Israel and covers its Western part. To the north is Lebanon, to the northeast is Syria, to the east is Jordan and the West Bank, and to the south is Egypt. Israel’s geography is very diverse in that on its north are snow-capped mountains whereas the south has a desert conditions. The capital city of Israel is Jerusalem, and its financial hub is Tel Aviv. Israel is the biblical Holy Land in the Jewish, Muslim, and Christian faiths. Israel became a nation in 1948.

How Did Israel Attain Independence?

The State of Israel declared its independence on May 14, 1948. David Ben-Gurion, head of the World Zionist Organization, made the declaration of the establishment of the Jewish State. He was also the chairman of the Jewish Agency for Palestine. The historic announcement would end the British Mandate over Israel at midnight on that day. Israel's war for independence took place from May 1948 to July 1949. Ben-Gurion became the first Prime Minister of Israel. Before Israel’s formation, there had been a great migration of Jewish people from all over the world, especially from Europe. The great exodus became known as the Aliyah. Many Jews moved from Europe and other parts of the world to Palestine. As a result, the United Nations thought to separate the Jewish population from the Arab population by forming two separate nations. To date, the conflicts between Israel and its neighbors continue.

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