Andorra la Vella is the capital of Andorra, a sovereign landlocked Southwest European microstate. The city has a population of only 22,886 (as of 2015). It is Europe’s highest capital city in terms of elevation.
Where Is the Capital of Andorra Located?
The city is located at the confluence of two mountain streams in the Pyrenees at an elevation of 1,023 meters in Andorra’s south western region. The two mountain streams join to form Andorra's longest river, the Gran Valira, which flows through the city.
How and When Did Andorra la Vella Become the Capital of Andorra?
The site that is now the bustling city of Andorra la Vella was occupied by humans during the Neolithic age. For a long time, the city served as the nerve center of the country. Initially, it was recognized as the capital of a large and isolated feudal state. The region around the city was nearly forgotten for decades and even escaped inclusion in the Treaty of Versailles due to its relative isolation. In 1993, the establishment of the sovereign democracy of Andorra led to the designation of the city as the capital of the country.
Climate in Andorra la Vella
Andorra la Vella experiences mild summers and winters that range from chilly to cold, and include snowfall. The city receives an average annual precipitation of 32 inches.
Demographics of Andorra la Vella
Only 33% of the population of the city is ethnically Catalan. The Spanish ethnic group accounts for 43% of the population of the city. Portuguese and French constitute 11% and 7% of the city’s population. Catalan, Spanish, French, and Portuguese languages are widely spoken. Roman Catholics form the majority religious group in the city.
Economy of Andorra la Vella
Andorra la Vella acts as the commercial center of the country. Major banks and businesses are based here. Brandiues and furniture are manufactured by the city's local industries. Tourism is also a major industry in the city.
How to Reach Andorra la Vella?
The Andorra la Vella Heliport provides access to air transportation to the denizens of the city. The domestic airport of Andorra–La Seu d'Urgell Airport is located at a distance of about 24 km from the city. The nearest international airports are located in the neighboring nations of Spain and France. Bus services link the city to train stations in Spain and France.
Places to See in Andorra la Vella
The old town of Andorra la Vella is characterized by old homes and stone streets. The Església de Sant Esteve church and the parliament building are the most notable buildings in the area. As the cultural center of Andorra, the city hosts several cultural events all year round.